Friday, 24 November 2017

Two AIHW obesity reports

Overweight and obesity in Australia: a birth cohort analysis.

Adults in 2014-15 were significantly more likely to be obese than adults of the same age 20 years earlier at almost any given age. At age 18-21, 15.2% of those born in 1994-1997 were obese, almost double the proportion of those born in 1974-1977 at the same age (8.0%). Children and adolescents in 2014-15 were also significantly more likely to be overweight or obese at ages 10-13 and 14-17 than those of the same age 20 years earlier.



A picture of overweight and obesity in Australia

This report provides an overview of overweight and obesity in Australia-a major public health issue that has significant health and financial costs. Almost one-quarter of children and two-thirds of adults are overweight or obese, and rates continue to rise, largely due to a rise in obesity, which cost the economy $8.6 billion in 2011-12.


Media release: Gen, X, Y and Z: Obesity risk higher for younger generations.

Infographic/Stats mat: An interactive insight into overweight and obesity in Australia.

Thursday, 23 November 2017

Work-related hospitalised injuries, Australia 2006-07 to 2013-14 [AIHW]

There were 617,755 hospitalised cases funded by workers' compensation in Australia in the period from 2006-07 to 2013-14, with 72% being male and 96% aged 15-64. Almost 38% of these cases were hospitalised primarily due to a musculoskeletal-related condition while 32% were hospitalised primarily due to injury and poisoning. There were 234,104 hospitalised cases reported as work related over this period, with 61% being funded by workers' compensation.

Download report: Work-related hospitalised injuries, Australia 2006-07 to 2013-14.

Hospital care for Australian sports injury 2012-13 [AIHW]

This report focuses on acute care services provided by hospitals for sports injuries treated in Australian hospitals in 2012-13. Cases of sports injury are examined in terms of the body region injured. Of the selected injury types, Head injury was the most common, accounting for 16% of all hospitalised sport related cases. Injury to the knee accounted for 12% of hospitalised sports injury.

Download report: Hospital care for Australian sports injury 2012-13.

Impact of physical inactivity as a risk factor for chronic conditions [AIHW]

This report details the impact of physical inactivity on disease burden in the Australian population. Results from this study suggest that prevention and intervention efforts may best be focused on sustained population-level increases in physical activity, by as little as 15 minutes each day, to avoid associated disease burden. It also highlights that health inequalities exist, with lower socioeconomic groups experiencing larger rates of disease burden due to physical inactivity.

Major findings include:

* Physical inactivity is responsible for 10–20% of burden for related diseases

* 2.6% of the total disease burden in 2011 was due to physical inactivity

* 1.7 times higher rate of physical inactivity burden in the lowest socioeconomic group compared with the highest

* When physical inactivity is combined with overweight and obesity the burden increases to 9%; equal to tobacco smoking

Download report: Impact of physical inactivity as a risk factor for chronic conditions.

Monday, 20 November 2017

Spatial variation in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women's access to 4 types of maternal health services

This report presents the findings of a project which assessed Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women's access to hospitals with public birthing services and 3 other types of maternal health services across Australia, then investigated possible high-level associations between access, maternal risk factors and birth outcomes.

Access to services

The study examined the geographic access of Indigenous women of child-bearing age (15–44) to 4 types of on-the-ground maternal health services: hospitals with a public birthing unit; Indigenous-specific primary health-care services (ISPHCSs); Royal Flying Doctor Service clinics; and general practitioners (GPs). Using 1 hour drive time boundaries around these locations and population counts from the 2011 Census at a range of geographic levels (SA2, remoteness, jurisdiction), the study found:

* approximately one-fifth (25,600 or 21%) of Indigenous women of child-bearing age lived outside a 1 hour drive time from the nearest hospital with a public birthing unit
* nearly all (97%) Indigenous women of child-bearing age had access to at least 1 type of maternal health service within a 1 hour drive time. The lowest levels of access were for women in Very remote and Remote areas, where 84% and 93%, respectively, had access to at least 1 type of service.
* Indigenous women of child-bearing age in Major cities, Inner regional and Outer regional areas had more types of services available to them within a 1 hour drive time than did women in more remote areas. Thus, they had more choice in which service they use.

Association with area-level maternal risk factor and birth outcomes

Examining possible associations between geographic accessibility to services, maternal risk factors and birth outcomes at the Indigenous Region level, the study found that poorer access to:

* GPs was associated with higher rates of pre-term birth and low birthweight
* ISPHCSs with maternal/antenatal services was associated with higher rates of smoking and low birthweight
* hospitals with public birthing units was associated with higher rates of smoking, pre-term birth and low birthweight
* at least 1 service was associated with higher smoking rates and higher rates of pre-term delivery and low birthweight.

Download report: Spatial variation in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women's access to 4 types of maternal health services

Thursday, 9 November 2017

Roadblocks in mental health care

Clinical factors stand in the way of better mental health care, according to new research led by Flinders. The research project led by Professor Eimear Muir-Cochrane, Chair of Nursing (Mental Health) at Flinders University, has found that despite best practice techniques being available to reduce or eliminate seclusion and restraint, national system-wide implementation is inconsistent.

The project, funded by the National Mental Health Commission, and conducted by the Australian College of Mental Health Nurses (ACMHN), reveals that clinical factors stand in the way of achieving a restraint-free environment in mental health care.

Read more at: https://indaily.com.au/news/local/2017/11/08/roadblocks-mental-health-care/

Greater support for mental health in the bush

THE rate of suicide is 66% higher in rural Australia compared to major cities, with farmers twice as likely to take their own lives than the general population. Per capita rural Medicare expenditure on mental health care is 60% of what it is in cities.

Member for Maranoa David Littleproud said distance was one barrier for those in the bush, which had now been removed.Mr Littleproud said a new telehealth initiative was available for people living in rural and remote areas, improving access to psychological services."I often hear travel times and the fear of others knowing you're receiving help stops people from putting up their hand for assistance - so that's why we've introduced this new service to improve mental health access,” he said.

See more at: https://www.warwickdailynews.com.au/news/greater-support-for-mental-health-in-the-bush/3260006/

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