The report first discusses the growing problem of AMR and why action is needed. It then proposes some ways to curtail unnecessary use and increase the supply of new antimicrobials, before looking at social measures such as public awareness campaigns, improvements in sanitation and hygiene, reducing pollution, improving global surveillance and introducing rapid diagnostics and vaccines. The economic implications of innovation funds, market entry awards and global funding are also examined, as well as ways to build political and international consensus.
Cancer death rates have generally decreased over time, with the death rate from all cancers combined decreasing from 199 deaths per 100,000 people in 1968 to 166 per 100,000 in 2013. Between 2014 and 2025 the death rate from all cancers combined is projected to continue an overall downward trend from an estimated 208 to 180 deaths per 100,000 males, and from 133 to 120 deaths per 100,000 females.
View web page: Cancer mortality trends and projections: 2014-2025
In 2011, the latest year for which data were available for most professions, there were over 800 ophthalmologists, around 4,000 optometrists and over 6,000 allied ophthalmic personnel (orthoptists, optical dispensers, optical mechanics, orientation and mobility specialists and occupational therapists specialising in eye health) in the eye health workforce.
Ian Hickie from the University of Sydney's Brain and Mind Centre said leading mental health advocates want candidates to commit to a national suicide prevention program and support a suicide prevention trial in 12 regions.
"It's really the rural and regional areas that suffer the most," said Professor Hickie, who noted that economic impacts such as the mining downturn, drought, and the closure of regional industries were major risk factors.
"They're the areas in which we see high suicide rates two to three times the national average and we need focused intensive activity in those communities."
The audit of 28 electorates shows suicide rates exceeded the road toll in every electorate surveyed, while 23 of the 28 seats had high to extremely high suicide rates.
Report and further information downloads
Let's talk about success: exploring factors behind positive change in Aboriginal communities draws on interviews with leaders of successful Aboriginal organisations to understand the factors behind the successes that they are achieving in their communities. It explores how they define and assess success and what they see as the factors behind their achievements. It discusses the challenges and critical turning points they have faced and what enables them to sustain their success. It also explores what they say are distinctively Aboriginal features about the way they work. The paper finds considerable continuities with previous studies of Aboriginal organisations, but also outlines some of the successful strategies they use in working with their communities.
In addition, this web product includes the release of a new product known as 'Mortality Over Regions and Time' (MORT) Books. These books present national mortality data at the PHN level and also by selected geographical areas, including remoteness area, socioeconomic group and Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3). The analysis includes the leading causes of death and trends over time.
View web page:
http://www.aihw.gov.au/primary-health-care/ Primary health care
Mortality Over Regions and Time (MORT) books
Community Paediatric Review, produced by the Centre for Community and Child Health at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, supports health professionals in caring for children and their families through the provision of evidence-based information on current health issues. Each edition includes articles for professionals and information sheets for families.
Community Paediatric Review publications and parent information sheets can be downloaded free from the archives listed below (editions date back to 2000). Previous topics covered include: Child mental health, encouraging your child's language, asthma, ear, nose & throat health, travelling safely with children, probiotics and many others.
Latest edition: Child behaviour and emotional regulation Vol 24 No. 2, May 2016
As children grow and develop, they learn to regulate their emotions and manage their behaviour. On the way to learning those skills, young children express their wide range of emotional responses in ways that can create stress and anxiety for parents and caregivers – sometimes their behaviour will include aggression, defiance and/or hyperactivity. Child and family health nurses can play an important role in helping parents to nurture their child's developing mind and, along the way, help their children to develop their emotional regulation skills.
To receive each edition of Community Paediatric Review direct to your inbox Sign up here
The Community Paediatric Review is just one of several resources available for download.
Media release: New course will help improve the mental health of older people
In 2014, nearly 30,000 Australians began using insulin to treat their diabetes-67% had type 2 diabetes, 23% had gestational diabetes, 9% had type 1 diabetes and 2% had other forms of diabetes.
Almost 2 in 3 (63%) people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes were aged under 25, whereas almost all (93%) new cases of insulin-treated type 2 diabetes occurred in those aged over 40.
University of Melbourne Professor Rob Moodie and colleagues from the Obesity Policy Coalition and The Australian Health Policy Collaboration have issued a frank assessment of the health promotion landscape in the Medical Journal of Australia.
The authors say Australia is losing the war against alcohol and weight-related illnesses and lacks a comprehensive approach to prevention.
See more at: http://www.myvmc.com/news/australia-making-no-progress-to-prevent-obesity-alcohol-harm/
Jacque Ogilvy tours regional Australia, teaching women from farms and stations how to keep fit where they are, without the support of personal trainers or gyms.
Read more at: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-05-16/sach-farm-fitness/7416744
The Overview shows that the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people continues to improve slowly and that there have been declines in infant mortality rates and an increase in life expectancy.
The purpose of this guide is to provide NSW Health staff with background information and guidance on appropriate word usage when working with Aboriginal people and communities, and when developing policy and programs to improve health outcomes for Aboriginal people. The use of accurate and non-offensive language is an essential component of Aboriginal cultural respect and communication training. The guide includes the historical background to the recommendations.
Talking terminology for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people [Croakey]
Not sure how to refer to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people or just want to check you are getting it right? Watch the video! [Duration 04:09]
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) report: Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011 compares the impact of different diseases, conditions or injuries on the Australian population.
Alzheimer’s Australia CEO Carol Bennett said, “this report confirms the huge burden of disease overall that dementia represents for all Australians. It also further confirms growing global evidence that suggests women are most affected by dementia, in terms of living with the condition but we know they are also over-represented as carers for those living with it.”
See more at: https://fightdementia.org.au/media-releases/more-evidence-dementia-should-be-an-election-priority
Our study published in the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, uses Antarctic ice core data to reconstruct rainfall for the past 1,000 years for catchments in eastern Australia.
The results show that instrumental rainfall records – available for the past 100 years at best, depending on location – do not represent the full range of abnormally wet and dry periods that have occurred over the centuries.
See more at: http://theconversation.com/antarctic-ice-shows-australias-drought-and-flood-risk-is-worse-than-thought-59165
|Human melanoma cell dividing|
* All cancers
* Indigenous Australians
* Bowel cancer
* Breast Cancer
* Cervical cancer
* Gynaecological cancer
* Head and neck cancer
* Kidney cancer
* Lung cancer
* Pancreatic cancer
* Prostate cancer
* Uterine cancer
The study found that chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mental and substance use disorders, and musculoskeletal conditions, along with injury contributed the most burden in Australia in 2011. Almost one third of the overall disease burden could be prevented by removing exposure to risk factors such as tobacco use, high body mass, alcohol use, physical inactivity and high blood pressure.
Media release: Less disease and injury burden since 2003-more improvements possible
View video presentations: These presentations explain information used in the Australian Burden of Disease Study.
* What is burden of disease?
* What are the key results
* What are the health risk factors?
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: Online Services Report-key results 2014-15 (AIHW)
* 203 organisations provided primary health-care services to around 434,600 clients, through 5.0 million client contacts and 3.5 million episodes of care.
* 221 counsellors provided social and emotional wellbeing services to around 21,100 clients, through 100,200 client contacts.
* 67 organisations provided substance-use rehabilitation and treatment services, to around 25,200 clients, through 151,000 episodes of care.
Media release: Client contacts at Indigenous health organisations continue to increase
Download report: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: Online Services Report-key results 2014-15
Around 57% of women in the target age group of 20-69 took part in the program, with more than 3.8 million women screening in 2013 and 2014.
Cervical cancer incidence for women of all ages remains at an historical low of 7 new cases per 100,000 women, and deaths are also low, historically and by international standards, at 2 deaths per 100,000 women.
Media release: Cervical cancer screening saving lives
Download report: Cervical screening in Australia 2013-2014
View web page: Cervical cancer
The Centre of Research Excellence in Aboriginal Chronic Disease Knowledge Translation and Exchange (CREATE)
The aim of CREATE is to assist the Aboriginal health sector to use existing knowledge (published and unpublished) on best practice chronic disease prevention and treatment as well as sustainable primary health care funding and service delivery models to improve the coverage and appropriateness of their services and care.
* To use existing evidence and, where necessary, develop and collate new evidence to inform guidelines, policies and/or other tools focused on improving care and outcomes in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with, or at risk of developing, a chronic disease.
* To strengthen the capacity of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health service providers and researchers to conduct and use evidence to improve health outcomes.
A feature article Aborignal and Torres Strait Islander People with a mental health condition reveals some worrying trends in the mental health needs of Indigenous people.
In this article, the 29% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who self-reported: depression; anxiety; behavioural or emotional problems; and/or harmful use of, or dependence on drugs or alcohol; are described as having a mental health condition. Almost one-quarter (23%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people reported having both a mental health condition and one or more other long-term health conditions.