Perils of place: identifying hotspots of health inequality

Hospitalisation rates for diabetes, tooth decay and other conditions that should be treatable or manageable out of hospital show how Australia's health system is consistently failing some communities.

Perils of place: identifying hotspots of health inequality by the Grattan Institute, introduces a method of identifying small areas where health inequalities are entrenched and, without intervention, are likely to endure.

To build up the limited evidence of what works in reducing place-based health problems, the report recommends that government combine with Primary Health Networks and local communities to run three- to five-year trials of tailored programs in selected places. Rigorous evaluation is critical, so that the lessons from successful trials can be applied across the country.

Listen to a podcast of the authors discussing the report.

Download the report

About the report.

Patient experiences in Australian hospitals

Patient experiences in Australian hospitals examined factors relating to positive and negative experiences of patients in Australian hospitals. It drew on qualitative studies of patient reported experiences and found that small changes to health system operations and resourcing, and the way professionals engage with patients, could substantially improve care. Examples include inviting patients and carers to contribute to decision making and discussions about treatment options and care preferences.

Download Patient experiences in Australian hospitals

The White Book on Frailty

The White Book on Frailty, endorsed by the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics Global Aging Research Network, aims to promote preventive interventions against disability and to provide information on how to adequately implement frailty into everyday clinical practice. To this effect, it will highlight current knowledge on the identification of target population, the assessment of frail old adults, and the development of tailored intervention programs.

The White Book presents a general overview of the topic and details the main frailty pathologies. Assessment tools and implementation initiatives are presented, in view of preventing and/or delaying disability and dependence, at home, in the community and in hospital settings.

Capacity building in Indigenous chronic disease primary health care research in rural Australia

The Centre of Excellence for Indigenous Primary Care Intervention Research in Chronic Disease proposed a range of strategies to build capacity in rural primary health care chronic disease research in Indigenous communities/health services.

The reports include a set of freely-available training resources for research capacity building in Indigenous communities.

Capacity building in Indigenous chronic disease primary health care research in rural Australia: Project Page

Skin cancer in Australia (AIHW)

Skin cancer (melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers) accounts for the largest number of cancers diagnosed in Australia each year.

This report provides an overview of skin cancer in Australia, risk factors, and key summary measures, including incidence, hospitalisations, survival and mortality.

It shows that while the age-standardised incidence rate has risen for most age groups, for Australians aged less than 40, the incidence rate for both types of skin cancers are declining. This is likely due to sun protection awareness programs run at the school level.

Media release: Skin cancers common, but melanoma rates falling among younger people

Download report: Skin cancer in Australia

The Regional Wellbeing Survey 2015

The Regional Wellbeing Survey was launched in 2013 to examine the wellbeing of people living in rural and regional areas of Australia. The survey is conducted annually, and measures the subjective wellbeing of people and communities living outside Australia's major cities. It also examines resilience of rural and regional residents and the liveability of their communities, and looks at how rural and regional Australians are experiencing a wide range of changes occurring in their communities.

This report examines the results of the 2015 Regional Wellbeing Survey, focusing on wellbeing, liveability, and resilience. Further reports will be released from the 2015 survey, including reports focusing on experiences of drought, the wellbeing of farmers, natural resource management, and water reform. The Regional Wellbeing Survey team is also partnering with other groups conducting large scale surveys, to ensure we can broaden the information available on wellbeing of different people and communities.

Acute Stroke Clinical Care Standard

Stroke is the second leading cause of death and disability, and affects thousands of Australians each year. About 35,000 people each year are admitted to hospital with a stroke, equating to one stroke every 15 minutes. Over 375,000 Australians have had a stroke at some time in their lives, with a third sustaining a disability because of their stroke.

The Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care has developed Acute Stroke - the Case for Improvement to support the implementation of the Acute Stroke Clinical Care Standard. Designed for a wide audience, including clinicians and health services, the resource highlights what is known about the evidence, best practice and current practice, and the opportunities to bring these closer together.

Acute stroke clinical care standard

Acute stroke : the case for improvement

Media Release

Private Hospitals

4390.0 - Private Hospitals, Australia, 2014-15 from the Australian Bureau of Statistics presents statistics about the characteristics and activities of the private hospital component of the Australian hospital sector, collected through the ABS' annual Private Health Establishments Collection (PHEC). This sector consists of private acute and psychiatric hospitals, and free-standing day hospital facilities.

Australian National Diabetes Strategy 2016 - 2020

The Australian National Diabetes Strategy aims to outline Australia's national response to diabetes and inform how existing limited health care resources can be better coordinated and targeted across all levels of government. This Strategy identifies the most effective and appropriate interventions to reduce the impact of diabetes in the community and lead the way internationally in diabetes prevention, management and research.

Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people

The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the use of illicit drugs among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. It provides general information on the context of illicit drug use in Australia and the factors of particular relevance to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, including the historical context, social context, and other social factors.

Chronic disease portal provides quick access for workforce

Edith Cowan University's Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet has launched a new online portal for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander chronic disease workforce.

The portal provides access to health promotion resources, health practitioner tools and information about programs that promote healthy lifestyles and chronic disease management for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It also highlights workforce opportunities for chronic disease workers, including job vacancies, events, training and funding.