Monday, 30 May 2016

Tackling drug-resistant infections globally

The British Government engaged economist Jim O'Neill to analyse the global issue of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and propose ways to cope with it internationally from both a social and economic point of view. O'Neill's independent report,"Tackling drug-resistant infections globally: final report and recommendations has recently been released.

The report first discusses the growing problem of AMR and why action is needed. It then proposes some ways to curtail unnecessary use and increase the supply of new antimicrobials, before looking at social measures such as public awareness campaigns, improvements in sanitation and hygiene, reducing pollution, improving global surveillance and introducing rapid diagnostics and vaccines. The economic implications of innovation funds, market entry awards and global funding are also examined, as well as ways to build political and international consensus.

Friday, 27 May 2016

Cancer mortality trends and projections update (AIHW web update)

Cancer mortality trends and projections update is a web-based release presenting mortality projections for selected cancers and all cancers combined from 2014 to 2025 based on mortality trends from 1968 to 2013.

Cancer death rates have generally decreased over time, with the death rate from all cancers combined decreasing from 199 deaths per 100,000 people in 1968 to 166 per 100,000 in 2013. Between 2014 and 2025 the death rate from all cancers combined is projected to continue an overall downward trend from an estimated 208 to 180 deaths per 100,000 males, and from 133 to 120 deaths per 100,000 females.

View web page: Cancer mortality trends and projections: 2014-2025

Thursday, 26 May 2016

Eye health workforce in Australia (AIHW)

Eye health workforce in Australia presents the latest available data on the eye health workforce in Australia. It also provides a baseline for reporting against workforce capacity indicators.

In 2011, the latest year for which data were available for most professions, there were over 800 ophthalmologists, around 4,000 optometrists and over 6,000 allied ophthalmic personnel (orthoptists, optical dispensers, optical mechanics, orientation and mobility specialists and occupational therapists specialising in eye health) in the eye health workforce.

Rural suicide

Mental health experts want federal election candidates to support suicide prevention trials in regional Australia after releasing a report revealing suicide rates exceeded road fatalities in 28 electorates audited between 2009 and 2012.

Ian Hickie from the University of Sydney's Brain and Mind Centre said leading mental health advocates want candidates to commit to a national suicide prevention program and support a suicide prevention trial in 12 regions.

"It's really the rural and regional areas that suffer the most," said Professor Hickie, who noted that economic impacts such as the mining downturn, drought, and the closure of regional industries were major risk factors.

"They're the areas in which we see high suicide rates two to three times the national average and we need focused intensive activity in those communities."

The audit of 28 electorates shows suicide rates exceeded the road toll in every electorate surveyed, while 23 of the 28 seats had high to extremely high suicide rates.

Report and further information downloads

Let’s talk about success: exploring factors behind positive change in Aboriginal communities

What are the factors that enable some Aboriginal organisations to drive positive change in their communities?

Let's talk about success: exploring factors behind positive change in Aboriginal communities draws on interviews with leaders of successful Aboriginal organisations to understand the factors behind the successes that they are achieving in their communities. It explores how they define and assess success and what they see as the factors behind their achievements. It discusses the challenges and critical turning points they have faced and what enables them to sustain their success. It also explores what they say are distinctively Aboriginal features about the way they work. The paper finds considerable continuities with previous studies of Aboriginal organisations, but also outlines some of the successful strategies they use in working with their communities.

Tuesday, 24 May 2016

Primary health care (AIHW)

Primary health care is a new web product providing an overview of the primary health care system and the delivery of health care services in Australia. As part of this new product, a web page dedicated to Primary Health Network (PHN) data has been developed that consolidates published Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) data disaggregated at the PHN level. This data may assist PHNs with their performance monitoring and population health planning.

In addition, this web product includes the release of a new product known as 'Mortality Over Regions and Time' (MORT) Books. These books present national mortality data at the PHN level and also by selected geographical areas, including remoteness area, socioeconomic group and Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3). The analysis includes the leading causes of death and trends over time.

View web page:
http://www.aihw.gov.au/primary-health-care/ Primary health care

Mortality Over Regions and Time (MORT) books
http://www.aihw.gov.au/deaths/aihw-deaths-data/#mort

Community Paediatric Review


Community Paediatric Review, produced by the Centre for Community and Child Health at the Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, supports health professionals in caring for children and their families through the provision of evidence-based information on current health issues. Each edition includes articles for professionals and information sheets for families.

Community Paediatric Review publications and parent information sheets can be downloaded free from the archives listed below (editions date back to 2000). Previous topics covered include: Child mental health, encouraging your child's language, asthma, ear, nose & throat health, travelling safely with children, probiotics and many others.

Latest edition: Child behaviour and emotional regulation Vol 24 No. 2, May 2016

As children grow and develop, they learn to regulate their emotions and manage their behaviour. On the way to learning those skills, young children express their wide range of emotional responses in ways that can create stress and anxiety for parents and caregivers – sometimes their behaviour will include aggression, defiance and/or hyperactivity. Child and family health nurses can play an important role in helping parents to nurture their child's developing mind and, along the way, help their children to develop their emotional regulation skills.

To receive each edition of Community Paediatric Review direct to your inbox Sign up here

The Community Paediatric Review is just one of several resources available for download.

Thursday, 19 May 2016

New course will help improve the mental health of older people

beyondblue has launched a free online course to help aged care workers recognise or manage depression and anxiety in the older people they work with, while safeguarding their own mental health. The course, Professional Education to Aged Care (PEAC), has been designed to suit aged care professionals in a range of roles, in both residential and community care settings.

Media release: New course will help improve the mental health of older people

Incidence of insulin-treated diabetes in Australia 2014 (AIHW)

Incidence of insulin-treated diabetes in Australia 2014, presents the latest available national data on new cases of insulin-treated diabetes from the 2014 National (insulin-treated) Diabetes Register.

In 2014, nearly 30,000 Australians began using insulin to treat their diabetes-67% had type 2 diabetes, 23% had gestational diabetes, 9% had type 1 diabetes and 2% had other forms of diabetes.

Almost 2 in 3 (63%) people diagnosed with type 1 diabetes were aged under 25, whereas almost all (93%) new cases of insulin-treated type 2 diabetes occurred in those aged over 40.

Download report: Incidence of insulin-treated diabetes in Australia 2014

View web page: How many Australians have diabetes?

Tuesday, 17 May 2016

Australia making no progress to prevent obesity, alcohol harm

Australia’s investment in life-saving health promotion programs now lags well behind many other comparable Western countries, public health experts say.

University of Melbourne Professor Rob Moodie and colleagues from the Obesity Policy Coalition and The Australian Health Policy Collaboration have issued a frank assessment of the health promotion landscape in the Medical Journal of Australia.

The authors say Australia is losing the war against alcohol and weight-related illnesses and lacks a comprehensive approach to prevention.

See more at: http://www.myvmc.com/news/australia-making-no-progress-to-prevent-obesity-alcohol-harm/

Keeping fit on the farm a challenge without gyms and health advice

People living in rural areas on average have shorter lives and a higher risk of mental and physical illness than those in major cities. But keeping fit to prevent illness and injury can be difficult when you live far away from a gym or health advice, and with the 24-hour demands of agriculture.

Jacque Ogilvy tours regional Australia, teaching women from farms and stations how to keep fit where they are, without the support of personal trainers or gyms.

Read more at: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-05-16/sach-farm-fitness/7416744

Overview of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status 2015

The Overview of Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health status 2015 provides a comprehensive summary of the most recent indicators of the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

The Overview shows that the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people continues to improve slowly and that there have been declines in infant mortality rates and an increase in life expectancy.

Thursday, 12 May 2016

Resources on appropriate Aboriginal terminology

Two resources which give guidance on appropriate word usage when working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

Communicating positively : a guide to appropriate Aboriginal terminology.

The purpose of this guide is to provide NSW Health staff with background information and guidance on appropriate word usage when working with Aboriginal people and communities, and when developing policy and programs to improve health outcomes for Aboriginal people. The use of accurate and non-offensive language is an essential component of Aboriginal cultural respect and communication training. The guide includes the historical background to the recommendations.

Talking terminology for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people [Croakey]

Not sure how to refer to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people or just want to check you are getting it right? Watch the video! [Duration 04:09]

Wednesday, 11 May 2016

More evidence dementia should be an election priority

The latest burden of disease analysis report released today highlights the significant impact dementia is having on all Australians, especially women.

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) report: Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011 compares the impact of different diseases, conditions or injuries on the Australian population.

Alzheimer’s Australia CEO Carol Bennett said, “this report confirms the huge burden of disease overall that dementia represents for all Australians. It also further confirms growing global evidence that suggests women are most affected by dementia, in terms of living with the condition but we know they are also over-represented as carers for those living with it.”

See more at: https://fightdementia.org.au/media-releases/more-evidence-dementia-should-be-an-election-priority

Antarctic ice shows Australia’s drought and flood risk is worse than thought

Australia is systematically underestimating its drought and flood risk because weather records do not capture the full extent of rainfall variability, according to our new research.

Our study published in the journal Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, uses Antarctic ice core data to reconstruct rainfall for the past 1,000 years for catchments in eastern Australia.

The results show that instrumental rainfall records – available for the past 100 years at best, depending on location – do not represent the full range of abnormally wet and dry periods that have occurred over the centuries.

See more at: http://theconversation.com/antarctic-ice-shows-australias-drought-and-flood-risk-is-worse-than-thought-59165

Tuesday, 10 May 2016

Latest cancer statistics

Human melanoma cell dividing
The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare has updated its web pages with the latest data, information and trends for 13 cancers, all cancers combined and cancer in Indigenous Australians. Over time, the number of new cancers has increased, but the chance of survival has increased from 47% in 1983-7 to 67% in 2008-12. Click on the links below to find the information you need:

* All cancers
* Indigenous Australians
* Bowel cancer
* Breast Cancer
* Cervical cancer
* Gynaecological cancer
* Head and neck cancer
* Kidney cancer
* Leukaemia
* Lung cancer
* Lymphoma
* Melanoma
* Pancreatic cancer
* Prostate cancer
* Uterine cancer

Australian Burden of Disease Study impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011 (AIHW)

Australian Burden of Disease Study-impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011 analyses the impact of nearly 200 diseases and injuries in terms of living with illness (non-fatal burden) and premature death (fatal burden.

The study found that chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mental and substance use disorders, and musculoskeletal conditions, along with injury contributed the most burden in Australia in 2011. Almost one third of the overall disease burden could be prevented by removing exposure to risk factors such as tobacco use, high body mass, alcohol use, physical inactivity and high blood pressure.

Media release: Less disease and injury burden since 2003-more improvements possible

Download report: Australian Burden of Disease Study-impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011

View web page: Burden of disease

View video presentations: These presentations explain information used in the Australian Burden of Disease Study.

* What is burden of disease?
* What are the key results
* What are the health risk factors?

Wednesday, 4 May 2016

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: Online Services Report-key results 2014-15 (AIHW)

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: Online Services Report-key results 2014-15 is the seventh national report on organisations funded by the Australian Government, to provide health services to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

In 2014-15:

* 203 organisations provided primary health-care services to around 434,600 clients, through 5.0 million client contacts and 3.5 million episodes of care.

* 221 counsellors provided social and emotional wellbeing services to around 21,100 clients, through 100,200 client contacts.

* 67 organisations provided substance-use rehabilitation and treatment services, to around 25,200 clients, through 151,000 episodes of care.

Media release: Client contacts at Indigenous health organisations continue to increase

Download report: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health organisations: Online Services Report-key results 2014-15

Tuesday, 3 May 2016

Cervical screening in Australia 2013-2014 (AIHW)

Cervical screening in Australia 2013-2014, presents the latest national statistics monitoring the National Cervical Screening Program, which aims to reduce incidence, morbidity and mortality from cervical cancer.

Around 57% of women in the target age group of 20-69 took part in the program, with more than 3.8 million women screening in 2013 and 2014.

Cervical cancer incidence for women of all ages remains at an historical low of 7 new cases per 100,000 women, and deaths are also low, historically and by international standards, at 2 deaths per 100,000 women.

Media release: Cervical cancer screening saving lives

Download report: Cervical screening in Australia 2013-2014

View web page: Cervical cancer

Monday, 2 May 2016

The Centre of Research Excellence in Aboriginal Chronic Disease Knowledge Translation and Exchange (CREATE)

The Centre of Research Excellence in Aboriginal Chronic Disease Knowledge Translation and Exchange (CREATE) focuses on translating research to improve health outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, with particular focus on the prevention, treatment and management of chronic diseases. The Centre is a collaborative enterprise between The National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO), the Wardliparingga Aboriginal Research Unit, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, The Joanna Briggs Institute, University of Adelaide, and The School of Public Health, University of Adelaide.

The aim of CREATE is to assist the Aboriginal health sector to use existing knowledge (published and unpublished) on best practice chronic disease prevention and treatment as well as sustainable primary health care funding and service delivery models to improve the coverage and appropriateness of their services and care.

Objectives:

* To use existing evidence and, where necessary, develop and collate new evidence to inform guidelines, policies and/or other tools focused on improving care and outcomes in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with, or at risk of developing, a chronic disease.
* To strengthen the capacity of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health service providers and researchers to conduct and use evidence to improve health outcomes.

New survey highlights impact of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander mental health conditions

The National Mental Health Commission welcomes today's release of the Australian Bureau of Statistics' National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey, 2014-2015 (NATSISS). This survey provides a range of information about the lives and wellbeing of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, including for the first time those with self-reported mental health conditions.

A feature article Aborignal and Torres Strait Islander People with a mental health condition reveals some worrying trends in the mental health needs of Indigenous people.

In this article, the 29% of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who self-reported: depression; anxiety; behavioural or emotional problems; and/or harmful use of, or dependence on drugs or alcohol; are described as having a mental health condition. Almost one-quarter (23%) of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people reported having both a mental health condition and one or more other long-term health conditions.

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