The Review on Antimicrobial Resistance was commissioned in mid 2014 by the UK Prime Minister, David Cameron, who stated, "If we fail to act, we are looking at an almost unthinkable scenario where antibiotics no longer work and we are cast back into the dark ages of medicine". The aim of the review (chaired by Jim O'Neill) is to tackle the threat of drug-resistant infections on an international level and by consulting widely and globally, come up with a package of actions for recommendation by mid 2016.
The Review has now published its first paper, Antimicrobial resistance: tackling a crisis for the health and wealth of nations. The paper describes the problems of antimicrobial resistance and its primary and secondary health effects with details on current research. There is also a description of the economic cost to the world of this problem, and a call for an optimistic approach to the future.