The authors of the paper, What are incident reports telling us? A comparative study at two Australian hospitals of medication errors identified at audit, detected by staff and reported to an incident system conclude that there are inaccuracies inherent in the practice of using incident frequency to compare patient risk or quality performance within or across hospitals. They suggest that there are new approaches, such as data mining, which are needed to support better control of medication errors.
Westbrook JI, Li L, Lehnbom EC, Baysari MT, Braithwaite J, Burke R, International Journal for Quality in Health Care. First published online, January 2015. ttp://dx.doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzu098
The guidelines recommend minimum ratios based on the seriousness of a patient's condition and/or the level of care needed. For example, they recommend two registered nurses to one patient in cases of major trauma or cardiac arrest and one registered nurse to four cubicles in either 'majors' or 'minors'.
The Fact Sheet on mental health points out that, despite a similar prevalence of mental illness in urban and country areas, the lack of access to mental health services and a reluctance to seek help contribute to the fact that rates of self-harm and suicide increase with remoteness.
Senator Cash said that the federal and state governments and the community needed to concentrate instead on the "practical steps" that can address domestic violence. See more below:
Ms Oscar and fellow community leaders have pioneered strategies to 'make FASD history'. They have created an early childhood centre around FASD children's needs as well as a therapeutic program, and a mobile Marulu Unit team delivers messages about preventive maternal and child care.
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The My Life Story app allows users to create a photo slideshow accompanied by music and voice recordings and loaded onto touchscreen devices like the iPad.
Creator Genevieve Major said it was not only aimed at promoting positive experiences and feelings of wellbeing for people with dementia, but also for carers and nurses as a reminiscing tool when the person enters residential aged care. Ms Major said the use of stories and reminiscing to improve mood was well researched and widely used by occupational and other therapists, but it was under-utilised in institutional care.
The My Life Story app is available on the iTunes store for $9.99. Ms Major is marketing it through word of mouth and her networks of dementia care service providers, memory clinics, community centres and nursing homes.
Associate Professor Edoardo Aromataris says that "the findings of the review showed that parents can be comforted by healthcare professionals who are prepared to involve them collaboratively in decision-making, and to provide empathetic, sensitive and respectful care at all times." As a result, 3 publications are now freely available on the Stillbirth Foundation website.
Using the Juvenile Justice National Minimum Data Set to measure returns to sentenced youth justice supervision: stage 2
This report further examines timeframes for measuring returns and explores the potential for using JJ NMDS data to measure the seriousness of reoffending.
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Researchers say their findings, published in The Lancet Psychiatry journal, show that using video feedback-based therapy to help parents understand and respond to their baby's early communication style might help modify emerging autism symptoms.
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Ms Dordoy argues AVOs are effective but they need to be used with other services, such as the advocacy service, to ensure the victim was protected, knew her rights and knew where to go for help if there was a problem. Please see link below for more:
They say e-mental health programs, which are delivered through phones and computers, are cheap and effective, but that very few Australians use them.
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For any new policy it is important to consider community capacity building, development of knowledge, and sustainability of the policy beyond guided implementation. Future research should address how the intervention can be supported into standard practice, policy, or translation into the front-line of clinical care. Investigations are also required to determine the efficacy of emerging therapies (such as e-cigarettes and the use of social media to tackle youth smoking), and under-researched interventions that hold promise based on non-Indigenous studies, such as the use of Champix. We conclude that more methodologically rigorous investigations are required to determine components of the less-successful interventions to aid future policy, practice and research initiatives.
Non-communicable diseases, which are sometimes called "lifestyle" or "chronic diseases", are caused by common risk factors. The good news is that they can also be prevented by largely shared strategies. Tobacco control, for example, helps reduce cancers, heart disease, stroke and lung diseases – all of which are non-communicable diseases. Improving the diet of populations will help avoid obesity, cancer, diabetes and heart attacks – also all non-communicable disease.
There are links to useful websites, programs and support groups and a list of practical tips. The site was set up in consultation with consumers and constantly responds to user suggestions so is very easy to use and packed with great information.
The Review has now published its first paper, Antimicrobial resistance: tackling a crisis for the health and wealth of nations. The paper describes the problems of antimicrobial resistance and its primary and secondary health effects with details on current research. There is also a description of the economic cost to the world of this problem, and a call for an optimistic approach to the future.
Hospital rating programs often report fall rates, and performance-based payment systems force hospitals to bear the costs of treating patients after falls. Some interventions have been demonstrated as effective for falls prevention. Often net costs are calculated for implementing a falls-prevention program as compared with not making improvements in patient fall rates.
The results showed that falls-prevention programs can reduce the cost of treatment, but in many scenarios, the costs of falls-prevention programs were greater than potential cost savings.
Spetz, J., Brown, Diane S., Aydin, C. (2015).
Spetz, J., Brown, Diane S., Aydin, C. (2015).The Economics of Preventing Hospital Falls: Demonstrating ROI Through a Simple Model Journal of Nursing Administration, 45(1), 50-57.
Reposted from HealthInfo Blog
As a result, 3 publications are now freely available on the Stillbirth Foundation website.
1. Evidence-based guidance for healthcare professionals providing care for parents from diagnosis to birth
2. Evidence-based guidance for healthcare professionals providing care for parents immediately after birth
3. Providing care for families who have experienced stillbirth: a comprehensive systematic review
Reposted from HealthInfo Blog
Between 1998 and 2012, life expectancy at birth has risen by 4 years for boys and nearly 3 years for girls. And because disability prevalence rates have been falling over this period, the gain in disability-free life expectancy has been even greater for boys (4.4 years, compared with 2.4 years for girls). Older Australians have also seen increases in the expected number of healthy years, but this has been accompanied by more years needing assistance with everyday activities. Over this period, the gender gap in life expectancy narrowed across all ages, and the gap in the expected years living free of disability also reduced across most ages.
Cultural awareness and cultural safety training are vital for non-Indigenous health professionals to demonstrate cultural respect and effectively deliver services to Indigenous people, says A/Professor Mark Wenitong:
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander males may have reduced access to health services, and this and other related challenges can, and should be, addressed. Engaging men about personal and sensitive health issues offers the opportunity for better management of more life-threatening health conditions, but in the Indigenous setting this requires a focus on culturally appropriate services.
Andrology Australia's new Clinical Summary Guide "Engaging Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men in primary care settings" addressing this issue, is now available for download.
The guide is the 12th in Andrology Australia's "clinical summary guides" series.
Other topics include Male infertility, Klinefelter's syndrome, prostate disease and testicular cancer.
In 2013-14, 1,621 cases of hospital-associated Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) were reported in Australian public hospitals. The national rate of SAB in public hospitals was 0.87 cases per 10,000 days of patient care, and all states and territories had rates below the national benchmark.
Between 2010-11 and 2013-14, rates of SAB decreased from 1.10 cases to 0.87 cases per 10,000 days of patient care.