On average, 12 females are diagnosed with a gynaecological cancer each day in Australia, but survival prospects are improving, according to a report by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) and Cancer Australia.
Gynaecological cancers in Australia: an overview, provides a comprehensive picture of gynaecological cancer in Australia including how gynaecological cancer rates differ by geographical area, socioeconomic status, Indigenous status and country of birth.
Uterine cancer was the most commonly diagnosed gynaecological cancer in 2008 (2,016 cases), followed by ovarian cancer (1,272) and cervical cancer (778).
"A total of 4,534 new gynaecological cancers were diagnosed in Australia in 2008, accounting for over 9% of all new cancers in females," said AIHW spokesperson Anne Bech. "While the number of new cases of all gynaecological cancers increased between 1982 and 2008, the overall incidence rate fell by 12%," Ms Bech said.
The report shows that the five-year relative survival for ovarian, uterine and cervical cancers has improved over time and that Australian women diagnosed with these cancers have better survival prospects than women in many other countries. The five year relative survival varied for the individual cancer types-82% for uterine cancer, 72% for cervical cancer and 43% for ovarian cancer.