The Budget’s targeting of so called ‘hard to reach groups’ is an important step, with additional mental health resources to be provided for young people and those living in rural and remote areas.
All bibliographies are sourced from the library database of the Australian Institute of Family Studies, and related to international and Australian research on family wellbeing in Australia.
While the proportion of deaths from heart disease has decreased over the past decade, it still accounted for 16.0% of all deaths in 2009, compared with 20.9% in 2000. Deaths due to dementia and Alzheimer's disease have more than doubled over the past 10 years, accounting for 5.9% of all deaths in 2009 compared to 2.8% in 2000. Dementia and Alzheimer's disease are now the third leading cause of death overall. Lung cancer was responsible for the most deaths caused by cancer accounting for 5.5% of all deaths and is the second leading cause of death for males and the fourth leading cause for females. There were 2,130 deaths due to suicide in 2009, accounting for 22% of all deaths amongst 15-24 year old males in 2009. Heart disease remains the leading cause of death amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, accounting for 15.3% of all Indigenous deaths.
Major sections include early childhood education and training; justice; health data; community services; and housing & homelessness.
The site has sections for consumers, health professionals and industry suppliers. Topics covered include regulations; recalls; reporting; assessing unapproved, internet and overseas products; travellers and medicines; education modules; consumer medicines information; and a lot more.
The health and welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: an overview 2011 [AIHW]
For the first time, the report looks at the impact of chronic diseases on the life expectancy gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians (currently estimated to be 12 years for men and 10 years for women). It shows that about 80% of the mortality gap can be attributed to chronic diseases, most significantly heart diseases (22%), followed by diabetes (12%) and liver diseases (11%).
"Many chronic diseases have inter-related risk factors which are often associated with social and economic disadvantage in areas such as housing, education and employment," said Institute spokesperson Dr Fadwa Al-Yaman. "Much of this chronic disease is potentially preventable."
A key product of the observatory is the report The health and welfare of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People, an overview 2011, which draws extensively on the AIHW and ABS data collections.
In addition the observatory initially contains a range of observatory papers covering an array of topics that are highly relevant to the current debates. The topics of the papers include:
Access to health services
International comparisons of life expectancy
Contribution of chronic disease to the mortality gap
Each paper includes a summary page, presenting the most important or interesting messages, with the full report also available for download. The collection will be added to and updated in 'real time', as new papers are completed. The AIHW observatory complements the ABS Indigenous data collections. Between them both, readers can access a comprehensive statistical overview of Indigenous health and welfare.
Artwork for the observatory has been sourced through a local Indigenous artist, James Baban. The painting is about health, wellbeing and support. It illustrates that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people have unique cultures and ways of perceiving the world. Only through two-way culturally appropriate communication and engagement can relevant services and support be provided to Indigenous people.
The NBA Patient Blood Management Guidelines Module 1 - Critical Bleeding/Massive Transfusion is the first of six patient blood management modules being developed to replace the NHMRC/Australasian Society of Blood Transfusion (ASBT) Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Use of Blood Components (2001). Future modules under development by NBA will address peri-operative, medical, critical care, obstetric and paediatric patient blood management.
Amongst the many topics covered are :
* The health of the rural health workforce
* Harnessing a University to address rural workforce shortages
* Physiotherapy in rural and regional Australia
* Rural nursing and midwifery workforce
* Junior medical officer recruitment
* Medical students and rural general practitioners.
Also available are the 2008 virtual issues on mental health and indigenous health.