A position paper from consumers and their carers, to be launched this week, reports on the use of medication to sedate difficult patients, of padded rooms to isolate them and threats and emotional pressure to ensure compliance, with almost 12,000 episodes of seclusion recorded a year.
Expenditure on state and territory mental health services increased by an annual average of 5.6% (adjusted for inflation) between 2002-03 and 2006-07, to $3,040 million. In 2007-08 there were 20 million mental health-related prescriptions subsidised by the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (and for veterans), accounting for just over one in ten of all prescription claims, costing over $700 million.
The site assembles a team of health advocates guided by physicians and health professionals who search for results on popular health terms.
The site displays the top ten online resources, including MEDLINE on more than 100,000 topics, updated regularly, without clutter , redundant links or spam.
Even borderline cholesterol levels of 5.1 in midlife raised the risk of late-life dementia by 52%.
The senior author Dr Rachel Whitmer said 'what is good for the heart is good for the mind .
SOLOMON, A. ... [et al] 'Midlife serum cholesterol and increased risk of Alzeimer's and vascular dementia three decades later ' Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders vol. 28 Aug 2009 p. 75-80.
The causes of domestic and family violence in Indigenous communities are complex. The violence is situated in a context of colonisation and dispossession, marginalisation, entrenched poverty and racism. The separation of Indigenous children from their families over generations and the translocation of groups of Indigenous people from their traditional lands is widely acknowledged as leading to a breakdown of community kinship systems, family relationships and Aboriginal law. In some communities, high levels of alcohol and drug use contribute to the severity of violence experienced. In rural and remote regions, the limited access to police and other services also poses challenges to help seeking and response.
In rising to meet these challenges, many Indigenous communities have developed their own responses to family violence, which include educational initiatives and men’s programs, as well as moves to incorporate principles of customary law into the justice system. Community-led approaches are critical to promoting safety in Indigenous families and communities.
The aim of the project was to enable desktop access to the combined resources of the 5 libraries by all health professionals in Greater Western AHS, irrespective of their location.
"In 2008 Greater Western AHS Libraries partnered to implement an Internet based combined catalogue incorporating the holdings of all Greater Western AHS Libraries into a single searchable database.
The Catalogue uses the open access web software, KOHA, with hosting and maintenance performed by Prosentient Systems.
This use of Web 2.0 software reduced the overall costs of the five library management systems that were currently employed by the Area’s Libraries, while providing one point of access to all libraries’ holdings."
Just enter the title and/or abstract of the paper in the box, and click on 'Find journals', 'Find authors' or 'Find Articles'. Jane will then compare your document to millions of documents in Medline to find the best matching journals, authors or articles. Instead of using a title or abstract, you can also search using a keyword search, similar to popular web search engines."
Jane is maintained by The Biosemantics Group and is funded by the Netherlands Bioinformatics Center.
See GWAHS from the air ... it has never looked better !
As the Indigenous Health Ethics Network website points out, "For too long, Indigenous peoples throughout Australia (and worldwide) have been researched about, without being consulted or involved in the research".
All the ethics committees listed on the website are registered with the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), and the website is updated regularly for new content. Visitors to the website can:
* Find their committee of interest by State or nationally, and find whether it includes Indigenous members.
*Access the library of documents relating to human research ethics .
*Tell the website of new documents and websites of potential interest to other researchers relating to Indigenous health ethics.
Fact sheets, videos, and personal stories are available, and the site is interactive encouraging user comments.
The report also explores why nursing professionals come to the Northern Territory, why they stay and why some leave. The drivers of international migration are investigated as well as some of the costs of nursing turnover to the Territory economy. Twenty recommendations are made to improve retention rates.
This Community Report outlines the findings of interviews undertaken in Wilcannia and Menindee with a range of community and organisational representatives and others working in relevant criminal justice and service delivery roles, as a way to better understand the dynamics and experiences of the communities as a whole.
The NHMRC 2009 Blood Lead Levels for Australians public statement and in-depth information for practioners and policy makers recommends:
* all Australians should have a blood lead level below 10 ug/dL (micrograms per decilitre - 100ml)
* children's exposure to lead should be minimised,
* women should minimise exposure to lead before and during pregnancy and while breastfeeding.
"Children are more sensitive to the health effects of lead exposure than adults, as they absorb more lead into their bloodstreams and retain more lead in their bodies", said Professor Warwick Anderson, NHMRC CEO. "Childhood lead exposure is linked to developmental, emotional and behavioural problems. It is essential that children's lead exposure be minimised, in home renovations, in households where adults work with lead and in lead-exposed environments, near mines or smelters. Simple measures such as testing old paint for lead using a kit from hardware stores, covering exposed lead paint with fresh paint and keeping children out of the way when removing lead paint reduces the potential risks from home renovations. Keeping lead out of the family home by showering and leaving personal items at work, and washing lead-exposed clothes separate from the family wash cuts risks for families of workers who work in lead smelters or mines, as well as industries that use even small amounts of lead."
The recommendation of blood lead levels below 10ug/dL is in line with the NHMRC's 2004 advice as well as US and World Health Organization standards.
Estimating the impact of selected National Health and Hospitals Reform Commission (NHHRC) reforms on health care expenditure, 2003 to 2033 (AIHW)
Authored by AIHW.
Indigenous housing series no. 3
The State Records Authority has unveiled an updated online version of its Index to Coroners’ Inquests between 1796 and 1824.
The 809 reports included in the Index include Coroners’ Inquests held throughout the colony of NSW and Van Diemen’s Land. In the majority of cases, the deaths were found to be caused by drowning, apoplexy or a ‘Visitation of God’. The reports also documented occasional murders such as thieves killed while committing robberies and spearings by Aboriginal people, with the latter particularly evident around the Bathurst area.
The Index includes records of the Inquest number, name, date, location, item number, page number and Reel number. It also includes a remarks column, which states whether the person identified is the deceased or appeared as a witness in the Inquest.
The State Records Authority has access to the records in its reading rooms, via microfilm Reels 2232 and 2233. The Reel are also included in the Archives Resources Kit which is located at various sites around the State.
The Authority has urged users of the Index to provide feedback and suggestions by completing an online feedback form, available from www.records.nsw.gov.au.
The Index to Report of Inquests, 1796 to 1824 was originally compiled by staff from the former Archives Office of NSW. The updated online version was prepared with help from Malcolm Sainty from the Biographical Database of Australia.
Expansion would also have a positive impact on record indigenous imprisonment rates, Peter Achterstraat said in a report on the Magistrates Early Referral Into Treatment program, known as MERIT.
Minister for Community Services Linda Burney, said the Government is committed to working in partnership with Aboriginal communities to strengthen families and protect children from abuse and neglect.