Oral health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children (AIHW)

This report provides a summary of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander child oral health using information from the Child Dental Health Survey, the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children and Receipt of Hospital Dental Care Investigation and the Study of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Child Oral Health in Remote Communities. Throughout the states and territories studied, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children had consistently higher levels of dental disease in the deciduous and permanent dentition than their non-Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander counterparts. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children most affected were those in socially disadvantaged groups and those living in rural/remote areas. Trends in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander child caries prevalence indicate that dental disease levels are rising, particularly in the deciduous dentition. Indigenous children aged <5 years had almost one-and-a-half times the rate of hospitalisation for dental care as other Australian children, and the rate of Indigenous children receiving hospital dental care rose with increasing geographic remoteness. Less than 5% of remote Indigenous pre-school children reported brushing their teeth on a regular basis and many young remote Indigenous children experienced extensive destruction of their deciduous teeth. Improving the oral health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children in Australia is an important public health and dental service provision issue.
See: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10411

Rural, regional and remote Australia: a study on mortality (AIHW)


Preventable conditions such as coronary heart disease and traffic accidents were two of the main reasons for the higher death rates in regional and remote areas, according to "Rural, regional and remote Australia: a study on mortality" by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare . The report found that death rates were about 10% higher in regional areas and up to 70% higher in remote areas of Australia .

Higher death rates in more remote areas may also reflect higher prevalence of behaviours associated with poorer health (for example smoking or alcohol consumption) as well as any impact of location (for example accessibility and availability of health services). The higher proportion of Indigenous Australians in rural areas is also a factor.

Innovations in Chronic Disease Self-Management Research Grants Program

In partnership with the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), the Department of Health and Ageing and the Department ofVeterans Affairs will offer grants to fund research aimed at expanding the range of evidence-based chronic disease interventions to
support self-management in Australia. The primary focus will be on the harder-to-reach population groups in the community including: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples; people from culturally and linguistically diverse populations; people experiencing
socio-economic disadvantage; and children and adolescents. The Department of Veterans Affairs is seeking proposals which specifically target the veteran population. These proposals should
reflect the demographics of the veteran population which is a relatively elderly one with 75% of treatment beneficiaries being 75 or older. Proposals are being sought for practical applied research projects to identify, develop and test, innovative chronic disease interventions to
support self-management for use in the Australian context. Applications close 14th March 2008.
More information see:

Prisoner health in Australia: contemporary information collection and a way forward

The prison population is known to have relatively poor health, with the poor mental health of prisoners a particular concern. A significant proportion of people in the prison system are Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. This report highlights the need for reliable national information about the health of prisoners at the point of reception, during custody, and at release and post-release. It contains a national audit of current health information collected by each jurisdiction, and lays the foundation for the development of national prisoner health indicators.


Mental Health Act (ACT)

Mental Health Act
Review of the Mental Health (Treatment & Care) Act 1994 - Options paper (11/12/2007)

The above article describes changes to the mental health act

Mental health resources from Auseinet online

The latest issues of the following Auseinet resources are now available:

Australian e-Journal for the Advancement of Mental Health, Volume 6, Issue 3 (November 2007) http://www.auseinet.com/journal/index.php [youth suicide is a major focus]

Auseinetter, Issue 29 (November 2007) http://www.auseinet.com/resources/auseinet/netter29/ [articles on indigenous mental health and mental health workforce issues.]

2009 NHMRC Grants

On 7-12-07 the National Health & Medical Research Council announced a redesign of its Grants Schemes and the timetable for 2009 NHMRC research grants and awards.
Go to http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/news/tracker/tracker07/071207.htm

Aboriginal Health Impact Statement and Guidelines (NSW Health)

The purpose of the Statement is to ensure the needs and interests of Aboriginal people are embedded into the development, implementation and evaluation of all NSW Health initiatives. There are 2 elements : 1. A declaration as to whether a specific initiative will impact on the health of Aboriginal people ; 2. A Checklist detailing how the needs and interests of Aboriginal people have been elicited and incorporated where appropriate.


National Indigenous Television to broadcast 9 programs on Indigenous health

The National Indigenous Television service (NITV) will soon broadcast nine programs on Indigenous health which have been produced by the Rural Health Education Foundation.

The programs commence on Sunday 2nd December 2007, at 11.00am each day:

Dec 2nd: Aboriginal Health Workers and Chronic Disease Management
Dec 9th: Breathing Easy: Respiratory Disease in Indigenous Children
Dec 16th: Palliative Care for Indigenous People
Dec 23rd: Keep Safe
Dec 23rd: Grow Strong (at 11:30am)
Dec 30th: Start Strong

With the following programs will be screened early in 2008:

Talking Together - Contemporary Issues in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health: HIV, Hepatitis and Sexual Health
Overcoming Barriers to Screening of Cervical and Breast Cancer in Indigenous Women
Chronic Renal Disease

Australia's welfare no. 8

Australia's welfare 2007 is the eighth biennial welfare report of the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. It is the most comprehensive and authoritative source of national information on welfare services in Australia. Topics include children, youth and families; ageing and aged care; disability and disability services; housing for health and welfare; dynamics of homelessness; welfare services resources; and indicators of Australia's welfare.

Highway to health: better access for rural and remote patients/ Senate Standing Committee on Community Affairs

While Australia has a relatively sophisticated public and private health care system, for some people geographic isolation inhibits their access to specialist health care. Out of a total population of just over 21 million, approximately 34 per cent of Australians reside in regional, rural and remote areas with limited specialist health services. This Senate report investigates the operation and effectiveness of Patient Assisted Travel Schemes .


The wellbeing of Australians: carer health and wellbeing

Robert A. Cummins, Joan Hughes and others / Australian Centre on Quality of Life, Deakin University

This Report concerns the subjective wellbeing of carers in Australia. It is the product of a partnership between Carers Australia, Australian Unity, and Deakin University. This study assessed the wellbeing of 10,939 Australian carers. Three major outcome measures have been used. The first is the Personal Wellbeing Index, which assesses the average level of satisfaction across health, personal relationships, safety, standard of living, achieving in life,community connectedness, and future security. The other two outcome measures are sub-scales taken from the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scale. The study documents the very poor collective wellbeing suffered by carers and their many challenges and worries.

Drought and mental health

Drought focus in mental health conference

Impact of drought focus of rural health meeting (mental health conference at Batemens Bay) http://www.farmonline.com.au/news_daily.asp?ag_id=47290

Both of the above articles relate to the current Mental Health conference at Batemens Bay. They describe the connection and impact of drought as it relates to rural mental health.

Mission Australia 2007 Youth Survey

Each year, Mission Australia conducts a national survey of young Australians (including an indigenous profile) which uncovers the issues that concern them, who they admire and where they turn to for advice and support. This year's survey - the sixth - is the biggest yet with 29,000 respondents, between ages 11-24, taking part in every state and territory around the country. This is a valuable snapshot into the minds of young Australians and provides a wealth of important information for anyone interested in their wellbeing.

Reports can be downloaded from :

Staying well - self care for junior doctors (DVD)

Produced by Northern Territory General Practice Education, this 18 minute DVD stimulates and informs discussion about wellbeing for doctors in the first years of their hospital training. More details and orders :
www.ntgpe.org or (08) 8946 7079.

Youth mental health

Youth mental health a hidden danger sign http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/11/30/2105899.htm

Rural Mental Health

Regional mental health revolution (Bloomfield Hospital and GWAHS focus)http://orange.yourguide.com.au/news/local/general/regional-mental-health-revolution/1096878.html

The article describes the use of new video technology to provide psychiatric assessments across western NSW.

Law and justice statistics - Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: a snapshot, 2006

This ABS snapshot presents an overview of Indigenous peoples' experiences of law and justice as reported in the 2002 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS)


Towards new indicators of disadvantage: deprivation and social exclusion

Studies of Australian poverty have concentrated on comparing people's incomes with poverty lines. By focusing on income alone, poverty research has failed to connect with the actual living standards experienced by those in poverty. This report by Professor Peter Saunders from the Social Policy Research Centre of the University of New South Wales focuses on some of the social consequences of disadvantage
See: http://www.sprc.unsw.edu.au/reports/ARC_Exclusion_FinalReport.pdf

Older Australia at a Glance (4th Edition)

Australia's population is ageing and as baby boomers move into old age this trend is set to gather greater momentum over the next three decades. Significant changes will flow to all aspects of social and economic life as both the number and proportion of older people in the community increase. This fourth edition of Older Australians at a glance provides insights into the diversity of the older population of Australia, where they are living, what they are doing, how healthy they are and the services they are using.
See: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10402

Australia's mothers and babies 2005

Australia's mothers and babies 2005 is the fifteenth report from the AIHW National Perinatal Statistics Unit, providing information on births in Australia from perinatal data collections for each state and territory. The report presents demographic, pregnancy and childbirth factors of women who gave birth in 2005 and the characteristics and outcomes of their babies. This edition includes a chapter on socioeconomic status of mothers.
See: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10471

Ovid SP interface on CIAP

CIAP has released the new Ovid search and discovery platform, Ovid SP. There are a number of new features, including natural language searching, Endnote compatability and enhanced results display. More details are available in the Ovid SP FAQ : http://internal.health.nsw.gov.au:2001/downloads/resources/frequently_asked_questions_odivsp_oct07.pdf or http://www.ciap.health.nsw.gov.au/downloads/resources/frequently_asked_questions_odivsp_oct07.pdf

For enquiries regarding training and demonstration of the new features, please contact your nearest GWAHS library.

Drought -Mental Health

Two articles from ABC News Website relating to the drought and Mental Health:

Churches to help counsel drought-hit farmers (mental health focus)http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2007/11/14/2090602.htm

Research shows farmers need drought stress strategies

Health at a Glance - OECD Indicators 2005

This third edition of Health at a Glance - OECD Indicators 2005 provides the latest comparable data and trends on different aspects of the performance of health systems in OECD countries. It provides striking evidence of large variations across countries in indicators of health status and health risks, and in the costs, allocation of resources and outputs of health systems.
See: http://lysander.sourceoecd.org/vl=2277170/cl=18/nw=1/rpsv/statistic/s37_about.htm?jnlissn=99991012

Aboriginal mental Health

Aboriginal and Islander Health Worker: Vol 31(6), Nov/Dec 2007

Some relevant articles relating to indigenous mental health:
Improving Mental Health Skills of Health Workers in Indigenous Communities…p.12-15
Reducing the risk of dementia of Australia’s Indigenous population…p23
Indigenous dreaming: How Suicide in the context of substance abuse...p.26-33

Inequality in oral health in Australia

"Inequality in oral health in Australia" is an interesting report just released by the Australian Review of Public Affairs. Australian attitudes to dental issues are discussed as well as solutions offered to make Australia's dental services more equitable. Click here to read the report.

Indigenous EarInfoNet (Website)

Anyone interested in the problem of otitis media in indigenous children should try this new website which gathers a number of resources, guidelines and video clips on the subject.


Seachange, Treechange, Lifestyle Change

This series of short 5 minute documentaries directed by award winning film maker Olivia Peniston-Bird, provides the opportunity for urban GPs to hear directly from Australian trained GPs who have made the shift to rural or remote practice. GPs from all over Australia explore the motivations, barriers, challenges and rewards of moving to rural and remote areas including Walgett, Warrnambool & Margaret River
See: http://www.gplifestylechange.com.au/

The Burden of Disease and Injury in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 2003

Vos T, Barker B, Stanley L, Lopez AD 2007. The burden of disease and injury in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples 2003. Brisbane: School of Population Health, The University of Queensland, provides the first comprehensive assessment of the burden of disease of Indigenous Australians.

See: http://www.uq.edu.au/bodce/index.html?page=68411

EQUATOR Network - new resource centre for good research reporting


There is a wealth of evidence that much published health research is reported poorly. The EQUATOR Network (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) is a new quality improvement initiative that seeks to improve the quality and reliability of the health research literature by promoting transparent and accurate reporting through the use of reporting guidelines.

Health expenditure Australia 2005-06

Health expenditure Australia 2005-06
examines expenditure on health goods and services in Australia for 1995-96 to 2005-06. It shows that Australia spent $86.9 billion on health in 2005-06, an estimated rise of $5.8 billion since 2004-05. This report presents expenditure estimates: at the aggregate level; as a proportion of gross domestic product (GDP); on a per person basis; by state and territory; by comparison with selected OECD and Asia-Pacific countries; and by source of funding-Australian Government, other governments and the non-government sector.

Practice nursing in Australia

Practice nursing in Australia

This research paper explores aspects of the recent development of practice nursing in Australia, particularly those relating to government initiatives currently in place. The paper also discusses some of barriers which may inhibit the further development of practice nursing, and makes some comment on how these could be addressed in the future.

Dr Rhonda Jolly. Practice nursing in Australia, Research Paper no. 10 2007–08

Indigenous mothers and their babies, Australia 2001-2004, AIHW, 2007

This new report provides information on births to Indigenous mothers in Australia from perinatal data collections for each state and territory. Demographic, pregnancy and childbirth factors of Indigenous women who gave birth in 2001-2004 are presented. This report also includes information on demographic and birth trends over the period 1991 to 2004 and a chapter on the quality of Indigenous status data in the state and territory perinatal data collections.
See: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10458

Social work with indigenous communities (Book review)

Linda Briskman has produced a book which encourages social workers to develop their skills in recognising and facilitating the strengths of indigenous communities. There is an underlying assumption that most social workers will be non-indigenous, and good practice can only be achieved by gaining understanding of indigenous culture and community issues. A thought-provoking text for any professional dealing with indigenous clients.
Linda Briskman, "Social work with indigenous communities", Federation Press, 2007, ISBN 9781862876349 ARRP $39.95

Liyarn Ngarn (DVD)

"This compelling 70-minute documentary tells of the devastation and inhumanity bought upon Indigenous people in every aspect of their daily lives. Personal stories of injustice are recounted by renowned English actor Pete Postlethwaite, as told to him by Patrick Dodson and Bill Johnson, an old English school friend, whose Indigenous son Louis died tragically. Respected songman, Archie Roach, adds his powerful lyrics and voice to this often painful, yet inspiring, journey of strength."
For anyone with an interest in Indigenous issues in Australia, and the impact of the Stolen Generation in particular, this is an essential resource, well worth the $30 purchase price.

Order Form :


Your Risk and Breast Cancer : breast cancer risk calculator

The National Breast Cancer Centre has today released an online breast cancer risk calculator, Your Risk and Breast Cancer designed to inform Australian women about their level of breast cancer risk, and how to reduce it.

What every woman should know about breast cancer [Free DVD]

This short DVD, presented by Johanna Griggs and developed by the National Breast Cancer Centre, provides information on breast cancer risk factors, changes to look out for, and also answers most frequently asked questions about the disease.
Available from : http://www.nbcc.org.au/resources/dvd/

The NBCC site also has a large number of other free breast cancer publications.

Genetics in family medicine : online

This handbook, developed to provide general practitioners with current information about genetic disorders, gives comprehensive information on symptoms, physical findings, family history and genetic testing for a wide range of conditions.

Free online version : http://www.gpgenetics.edu.au

Also available for $49.50 in a printed version from Gene Technology Information Service www.gtis.edu.au

Aboriginal women caregivers of the elderly

A new article has been published in Rural and Remote Health:

'Aboriginal women caregivers of the elderly in geographically isolated communities'

“It is humbling to attempt to summarize in sentences what has taken a lifetime to compile and understand. Crosato, Ward-Griffin and Leipert have devoted such an effort to understanding the Aboriginal women caregivers of the elderly. For practitioners, systems and nations to understand health care, they must understand the richness of variation and context, simplified by the concept of Circles of Caring illustrated in the article.” (from the R&RH website)

The Australian alcohol guidelines for low-risk drinking

The National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) have released a revised draft of the Australian alcohol guidelines for low-risk drinking.
NHMRC would like comments from interested groups and individuals.
To view the draft click here
To read the media release click here
To view the "Australian alcohol guidelines for low-risk drinking —FAQs" click here

Understanding Australian rural women's ways of achieving health and wellbeing

A new article has been published in Rural and Remote Health:

'Understanding Australian rural women's ways of achieving health and wellbeing - a metasynthesis of the literature'

Qualitative studies provide rich insights into the lives of informants and increasingly rural health research can offer many such studies. This article pulls together the findings of six qualitative studies on Australian rural women's strategies to maintain health to create a new and deeper understanding of the issues then is possible in single case studies. The article is not only about an important topic but it is also provides a clear explanation of a technique known as metasynthesis which is increasingly being used to create robust and generalisable results from multiple qualitative studies.

Paediatric Clinical Practice Guidelines on CIAP

A new addition in the "Clinical guidelines" section of the CIAP website is a collection of 11 NSW Health guidelines for common acute paediatric conditions including fever, asthma, and otitis media. http://www.ciap.health.nsw.gov.au/

Clinical skills day: preparing third year medical students for their rural rotation

A new article has been published in Rural and Remote Health:

'Clinical skills day: preparing third year medical students for their rural rotation'

For decades the Rural Physician Associate Program has been preparing physicians for the American heartland with a nine month longitudinal rural experience. Fewer medical students have had rural experiences, and even fewer have a clue regarding the challenge of transitioning from the passive basic science and clinical roles of medical centers to the wide open interactions and opportunities provided in rural practice environments. University of Minnesota rural medical educators have developed some tools to ease this transition.


The Future Direction of General Practice: A roadmap

The Royal College of General Practitioners in Britain has published: The Future Direction of General Practice: A roadmap. This report sets out a vision for patient services in primary care in the 21st century. The roadmap provides a blue print for the delivery of services to patients and firmly establishes the discipline of family medicine. It shows how primary care can be scaled up by GPs to bring about major advances in clinical care using a new model of care and sets out a world-class vision for tackling crucial issues such as health inequalities and access.

Please read on for the full
roadmap report.

The National Public Toilet Map

We were intrigued to receive a large number of bookmarks advertising the National Public Toilet Map. Your favourites can be visited at www.toiletmap.gov.au

Email nmm@nationalmailing.com.au for a supply of the colourful bookmarks also featuring www.bladderbowel.gov.au

Bladder and bowel health (Website)

The Australian government has launched a comprehensive website on bladder and bowel problems. Excellent consumer information also with a large number of publications and resources aimed at health care professionals and researchers.

The world health report 2007 - A safer future: global public health security in the 21st century

"The World Health Report 2007 - A safer future: global public health security in the 21st century" marks a turning point in the history of public health, and signals what could be one of the biggest advances in health security in half a century. It shows how the world is at increasing risk of disease outbreaks, epidemics, industrial accidents, natural disasters and other health emergencies which can rapidly become threats to global public health security. The report explains how the revised International Health Regulations (2005), which came into force this year, helps countries to work together to identify risks and act to contain and control them. The regulations are needed because no single country, regardless of capability or wealth, can protect itself from outbreaks and other hazards without the cooperation of others. The WHO report says the prospect of a safer future is within reach - and that this is both a collective aspiration and a mutual responsibility.

Mental Health and Wellbeing (Website)

The Australian Government has launched "Mental Health and Wellbeing" , a
comprehensive web site which provides information on the Government*s
mental health programs, funding opportunities and policies. A wide range
of publications and other resources are also included.


Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research

The National Health and Medical Research Council, the Australian Research Council and Universities Australia have released the National Code which describes best practice in research and sets out out a framework for handling breaches. The document can be applied by any organisation involved in conducting research. More information is available at http://www.nhmrc.gov.au/publications/synopses/r39syn.htm

National guide to a preventive assessment in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

The National Guide, developed by NACCHO with the assistance of the RACGP, assists primary care providers to provide a preventive health care assessment to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children.
The National Guide, the Evidence Base, a child lifestyle summary chart, an adult lifecycle summary chart, a summary of the child health recommendations, and a summary of the adult health recommendations may be accessed at :

National palliative care performance indicators

The four performance indicators are based on the goals and objectives of the National Palliative Care Strategy and provide some information on the extent to which the Strategy has been implemented.
See: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10498

'National Diabetes Register: statistical profile 1999-2005'

The 3rd statistical report of the The NDR records new cases of insulin-treated diabetes. This report describes the characteristics of registrants, including type of diabetes, age at diagnosis, sex, geographical location, country of birth, Indigenous status, mortality and also provides incidence estimates. This report plays an important role in monitoring the levels and trends of diabetes in Australia and as a resource for researchers, policy makers, health professionals and anyone interested in diabetes in Australia.
See: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10489

How to Monitor for Population Health Outcomes: Guidelines for developing a monitoring framework

How to Monitor for Population Health Outcomes (New Zealand: Ministry of Health. July 2007) presents guidance to public and population health programme managers, and interested others, on how to develop indicators to monitor progress on achieving population health outcomes sought from their programmes.
This publication is also available in hard copy. You can order a copy by emailing moh@wickliffe.co.nz
See: http://www.moh.govt.nz/moh.nsf/pagesmh/6463/$File/HowtoMonitorPHOutcomesv2.pdf

Nurses and information technology [Report]

The Australian Nursing Federation has released the final report of the comprehensive"Nurses and Information Technology" study, recently commissioned by the federal government.

For the full report :


The community guide

"The community guide" is a useful resource with evidence-based recommendations for programs and policies to promote population health. Emanating from the Task Force on Community Preventive Services, the Guide covers a wide range of population health topics, and is a useful tool for those planning health promotion interventions.

GrantsLINK website

This website details a variety of grant programmes for individuals, businesses and communities. A wide variety of funding sources for program initiatives or hardship funding.
Preventing Chronic Disease

"Persons with an interest in public health will want to make a beeline for this rather helpful and well-done journal offered by the Center for Disease Control (CDC). This online-only publication was started in January 2004, and contains a healthy mix of peer-reviewed articles, CDC announcements, and general interest pieces. The journal's interests are quite broad and include reproductive health, oral health, health risk behavior, and the value of policy and legislation in preventing chronic disease. Some of the recent articles in the journal have included pieces on childhood obesity prevention legislation, diabetes and tooth loss, and more specifically, "The Cradle to Prison Pipeline: An American Health Crisis". The site also contains an online archive and information for potential authors, peer reviewers, and information about email updates about new issues. [KMG]"

From The Scout Report, Copyright Internet Scout Project 1994-2007. http://scout.wisc.edu/

A New Direction for GWAHS: Health Service Strategic Plan - Towards 2010

The inaugural Strategic Plan for the Greater Western Area Health Service is now available.

The Plan focuses on the people for whom GWAHS provides services - our communities and patients. It outlines the important results that GWAHS hopes to achieve and provides an overview of the directions for the service for the future.

A New Direction for GWAHS: Health Service Strategic Plan - Towards 2010 can be accessed and downloaded at www.gwahs.nsw.gov.au or http://gwahs/

Media Doctor (Website)

Media Doctor reviews current news items about medical treatments, assesses their quality using a standardised rating scale and presents reviews of good and bad examples of reports on this website. It is anticipated that these independent and objective critiques will improve journalistic practices in reporting new medications and treatments in Australia.

LabTests Online

LabTests Online is a new Federal Government sponsored Australian website which provides plain language explanations of the uses of, and procedures involved in, common laboratory tests. Suitable for patients or health professionals, the site may be searched by disease, by test, or by screening program


August edition of the ARCHI Net News

In this issue...
· E-Health Connectivity and Aged Care
· Eye Emergency Manual
· Listen to Innovations in e-Health Seminar
· ComPacks Program Annual Meeting Presentations
· Falls Prevention Model of Care
· APAC/GP Shared Care Model of Care
· Can you help?

Download this Newsletter now!

NSWHealth is a member of ARCHI. Use your CIAP login and password for access. For more information contact a GWAHS Library.

Water use on Australian farms

The Australian Bureau of Statistics has just released a publication titled Water Use on Australian Farms.

"Growing pasture for grazing was the biggest use of irrigation water in Australia in 2005-06. The Water Use on Farms survey by the Australian Bureau of Statistics...found that the average irrigation rate of 4.2 megalitres per hectare was unchanged from the year before.
Of the 11,905 gigalitres used nationally by agriculture, 91.1 per cent was used to irrigate pastures and crops on 2.6 million hectares of land. NSW was the biggest user of irrigation water, taking 41.2 per cent of the national total.Western Australia had the highest rate per hectare, at 5.1 megalitres, followed by NSW with 4.5 megalitres.

Pasture for grazing accounted for 26.5 per cent of irrigation water used nationally followed by cotton (16.1 per cent), rice (11.3) and sugar cane (10.2). In NSW rice and cotton were the major users of irrigation water, accounting for 27 and 25 per cent respectively."

Read the rest of this article by Daniel Lewis and Stephanie Peatling in the online edition of the Sydney Morning Herald.
The report is available on the ABS site.

HealthInsite : consumer health information.

HealthInsite is a Dept. of Health and Ageing website with a wealth of consumer information links

Wellcome Images

Wellcome Images is a large collection of images from the Wellcome Library of the History of Medicine which are available for free downloand and copying under a Creative Commons Licence. A large number of contemporary images of procedures and clinical topics supplements the renowned historical collection. A very useful source for medical images.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm. Wellcome Images.

Australian Social Trends 2007



Australian Social trends, 2007, released today by the Australian Bureau of Statistics , gives a snapshot of Australian society in 2007. Among the findings :

* More than 7 million adults in Australia, which is 54 per cent of the adult population, were classified as obese in 2004-05,.

* Australia's total fertility rate was 1.81 babies in 2005, the highest rate since 1995.

* The report also said Australians were less likely to marry and more marriages were likely to end in divorce.

The Australian Government Regional Information Directory (AGRID) and Regional Entry Point website.

The Regional Entry Point website is a site providing entry points to government programs and services in rural Australia. It may be accessed at :


Most of the information on the site is also collated every two years in a publication called "The Australian Government Regional Information Directory' (AGRID). The 2007 edition has just been released and may be ordered by filling in the website's "Feedback" form or by calling 1800 026222

Aged Care Australia (Website)

Aged Care Australia is the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing's online source of information for everything you need to know about aged care.
To enable consumers to easily navigate the plethora of aged care information available, the website has been arranged based on five questions:
- Need to know where to start?
- Need help staying at home?
- Need help with aged care homes?
- Need help for carers and family?
- Need help with health?

Highly recommended for all health service clients needing information on aged care options

See: http://www.agedcareaustralia.gov.au/

Cochrane Primary Care P.E.A.R.L.S.

The Cochrane Primary Care field is producing 2 (<200 words) structured summaries of Cochrane reviews every two weeks and sending them out by email. To see some examples called P.E.A.R.L.S (Practical Evidence About Real Life Situations) go to


If you wish to Subscribe to P.E.A.R.L.S (free) go to


A useful resource for anyone teaching evidence-based medicine.

A Guide to Australian Eye Health Data

The data guide, published by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, is intended to support the implementation of the National Framework for Action to Promote Eye Health and Prevent Avoidable Blindness and Vision Loss by identifying key Australian data sources that are relevant to assessing the prevalence and outcomes of eye diseases and injuries and eye health care utilisation.

Copies are available from the Eye Health Team by emailing nehi@health.gov.au . The publication can also be viewed at:


Indigenous success stories

The booklet "Indigenous success stories", produced by Australians for Native Title and Reconciliation (ANTAR), showcases successful indigenous health programs from every mainland state and territory. It may be downloaded from :


New beginnings stroke recovery [DVD]

The Stroke Recovery Association of NSW has produced a DVD aimed at assisting patients in recovery from stroke. It covers lifestyle, complications and self-management issues. For further information contact the Association on 1300 650 594, or fax (02) 9560 2306 or email :

Making a difference. Report of the 2005-2006 Annual Survey of Divisions of General Practice

This report has been released and is available electronically at:


This report contains up-to-date information about Division infrastructure and activities to support the 22 564 GPs, 7 525 general practices and thousands of practice nurses, allied health professionals and practice staff in Australia.

To order a free bound copy please email phcris@flinders.edu.au and provide your name and postal address.

A systematic review of primary health care delivery models in rural and remote Australia, 1993-2006

By John Wakerman, John Humphreys et al for the Australian Primary Health Care Research Institute.


Leaders in Indigenous Medical Education [LIME] -- New website

The Leaders in Indigenous Medical Education (LIME) Network was developed by the Medical Deans Australia New Zealand (formerly CDAMS) through the Medical Deans Indigenous Health Curriculum Project. It is hosted at Onemda VicHealth Koori Health Unit at the University of Melbourne.

"Talkin Up Good Air" CEITC Tobacco Control Resource Kit

The Centre for Excellence in Indigenous Tobacco Control (CEITC) invites you to celebrate its new Tobacco Control Resource Kit, "Talkin' Up Good Air". This is a practical manual aimed at supporting professionals, especially Aboriginal Health Workers, in Indigenous communities. To request copies or to download chapters, go to


Canadian ethics guidelines for research with Aboriginal people

The Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) has recently released CIHR guidelines for health research involving Aboriginal people. Although these have been developed for Canadian Aboriginal people, Australians might find them a useful resource. They include ethical principles, procedural information and a sample agreement. These guidelines can be downloaded as a pdf or html from

State of the World's Population, 2007

The latest report in this series from the UN Population Fund has been released, giving the latest international population trends. Of 153 countries listed, Australia has the third highest life expectancy (behind Japan and Hong Kong). Report available full text at :


State of Our Public Hospitals 2005-06 edition

More people were admitted to Australian public hospitals in 2005-06 than in any previous year. For all the stats and trends on Australia's public hospitals, visit the latest report in the series at :.


2006 Census Data : Now available

2006 census data is now available from ABS - free for anyone to download
Data is available by Local Government Area, suburb, postcode etc. Indigenous profiles also available

Supporting Student Mental Health & Wellbeing : Website

The Scottish Further Education Unit has developed a website called Supporting Student Mental Health & Wellbeing at: http://www.ssmh.ac.uk/, which provides information and resources for college and university staff, including how to promote positive mental wellbeing amongst the student population.

Students with mental health difficulties are not a new phenomenon. Exam stress, transition from school to college or university and changes in lifestyle habits, such as, diet and alcohol consumption can all have a negative effect on mental wellbeing.

The aims of the website include: provide an online resource that can be updated for staff supporting student mental health and wellbeing; highlight an overall institutional approach to student mental health and wellbeing; highlight good practice in mental health improvement initiatives through case studies; advise staff in institutions of their responsibilities in relation to relevant legislation and policy; be a central point where links to national initiatives and other resources can be found.

Aged care packages in the community 2005-06: a statistical overview

Aged care packages in the community 2005-06: A statistical overview presents key statistics on the levels of service provision of the Australian Government funded aged care packages. The programs providing these packages are the Community Aged Care Packages (CACP) Program, the Extended Aged Care at Home (EACH) Program and the Extended Aged Care at Home Dementia (EACH Dementia) Program. Previously published annually under the title Community Aged Care Packages in Australia, the new title reflects the expansion of the publication to include information on recipients of all three of these types of community age care packages. Detailed statistics on the socio-demographic characteristics of care recipients and the patterns of the recipient’s admissions and separations are provided. In addition, for the first time this report includes information on carers of EACH and EACH Dementia care recipients. The data presented in this report are a useful resource for those involved in policy development, policy review and the planning of aged care services, with a specific interest in these packages.
AIHW catalogue number (AGE 55).
Available from Can Print for $25.00 (1300 889 873).
Click on the link to view the media release and report

Little Children are Sacred

Little Children are Sacred
Report into the protection of Aboriginal children from sexual abuse.

Northern Territory Government Australia
Inquiry into the Protection of Aboriginal Children from Sexual Abuse


Rural health resources on CIAP

Two new CIAP resources (Clinical Guidelines Section) are of particular interest to rural health services

The Eye Emergency Manual. Designed by NSW Health for all emergency, medical and nursing staff in NSW. A quick guide to important eye signs, symptoms and emergencies. Excellently illustrated.

Rural Emergency Clinical Guidelines for Adults. NSW Health. The intention of the guidelines is to ensure early appropriate management of immediately or imminently life threatening conditions, and to relieve pain and suffering for patients at hospitals where medical practitioners are not immediately available. Not available in hard copy.


Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2006 report

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare has released a new report:
Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health performance framework 2006 report: supporting tables and texts
This report is internet only and is available from the AIHW website.

When the cowpat hits the windmill - Help for health students during bush training placements

A new resource to help students on rural and remote health placements to stay mentally healthy has been produced by the National Rural Health Network (NRHN) and beyondblue.
Written by health students for students, the guide gives practical advice on how to deal with mental health issues students may face while on placement in regional areas or working out bush.


Australian hospital statistics 2005-06

The 13th year in the AIHW's comprehensive annual reporting of statistics on Australia's hospitals. Detailed information is presented on hospital care and hospitals in 2005-06, as are summaries of changes over time and comparisons between public and private hospitals. Included are statistics on admissions to public and private hospitals in 2005-06, covering the age and sex of patients diagnoses, procedures, lengths of stay and waiting times for elective surgery. The publication presents statistics on emergency department presentations to selected public hospitals in 2005-06 covering the age and sex of patients, triage categories, waiting times and duration of care. Also included are statistics on outpatient clinic activity in selected public hospitals in 2005-06. The statistics presented on hospitals include hospital expenditure, revenue and bed numbers, and a range of hospital performance indicators reported using the National Health Performance Framework. This report is a useful resource for health planners, administrators and researchers with an interest in the Australian hospital system.
AIHW catalogue number (HSE 50).

Young Australians: their health and wellbeing 2007

http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10451 .

This is the third national Australian Institute of Health and Welfare statistical report on young people in Australia. This report brings together the most up-to-date national data on the health status of young Australians aged 12-24 years and the factors influencing their health. Information on health status includes self-assessed health status, disability, injury, mental health, chronic disease, communicable diseases, hospitalisations and mortality. Factors influencing health include family and community environments,environmental factors, socioeconomic factors including education,employment and income and health behaviours such as weight, physical activity, nutrition and substance use. This report also includes a special section on the health and welfare of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people. Free online or available from Can Print for $40 (1300 889 873).

Far West Health Library, Broken Hill, gains new Librarian

Veronica Barlow, Broken Hill's part time Assistant Librarian, recently completed her Librarianship studies and graduated from Charles Sturt University. Congratulations, Veronica !

NSW State Health Plan and Future Directions for Health in NSW -- towards 2025

Both these reports on the future of NSW Health are available from the NSW Health website : www.health.nsw.gov.au

Injury of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people due to transport, 1999-00 to 2003-04

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare has released a new report today (Internet only)

This report looks at the death and serious injury of Indigenous persons in Australia due to transport accidents in the five-year period 1999-00 to 2003-04. It focuses on the four jurisdictions of the Northern Territory, Western Australia, South Australia and Queensland and
examines variables such as mode of transport, gender, age group and remoteness from an urban centre.


Food, nutrition, physical activity and the prevention of cancer : a global perspective

The second World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research expert report on diet, physical activity and cancer, will be released in early November. Free soft-cover copies available at
www.aicr.org/ordernow (pre-publication orders only).

Guidelines for delivery of culturally sensitive and flexible counselling for Indigenous carers

Carers Vic. has produced guidelines which highlight the significant practice issues for non-indigenous counsellors to consider when working with indigenous people, and, in particular, indigenous carers.Information is provided about the current and historical colonisation process within Australia, and Western vs Indigenous concepts of family, life cycle and health. Key counselling models for working with indigenous people are discussed.

Also available at $20 per copy in print format.

Fall-related hospitalisations among older people: sociocultural and regional aspects

Injury research and statistics series no. 33
The ageing of the Australian population has enlarged the population at high risk of fall-related injury and population projections imply substantial increase in years to come. A large proportion of Australia's older population were born overseas and changing migration patterns following the Second World War have resulted in an older population which is becoming highly culturally and linguistically diverse. This report examines fall-related hospitalisations for people aged 65 and older for the years 2000-03 according to country of birth and place of usual residence.
Authored by AIHW National Injury Surveillance Unit.
Published 14 May 2007; ISSN 1444-3791; ISBN-13 978 1 74024 681 1; AIHW cat. no. INJCAT 97; INTERNET ONLY


Mixed messages : cross-cultural management in Aboriginal community controlled health services


Report : Mixed messages : cross cultural management in Aboriginal community controlled health services

Open Medicine : free online journal

A group of Canadian doctors and editors is launching a new online medical journal that they say will be free from the influence of pharmaceutical companies. Open Medicine is an open-access journal that won't charge subscription fees or run advertisements for drugs or medical devices. There is no print edition.
See http://www.openmedicine.ca/

Mental health services in Australia 2004-05 AIHW catalogue number (HSE 47)

'Mental health services in Australia 2004-05' is the eighth in the series of AIHW's comprehensive annual reports on the characteristics and activity of Australia 's mental health services. Details from a wide range of data sources for the 2004-05 period are presented, as are changes over time. Information on mental health care provided by a range of services--including ambulatory services (such as community-based services, emergency departments, private psychiatrists and general practitioners), hospital and residential services, and other services (such as supported accommodation services)--is detailed. In addition, information is provided on mental health-related prescriptions, and mental health resources such as facilities, workforce and expenditure. Where possible, comprehensive data are provided for each state and territory, and comparisons are made between population groups (including Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, and overseas-born and Australian-born people). This report is a useful resource for health planners, policy makers, administrators, practitioners, researchers and others with an interest in mental health in Australia.
See: http://www.aihw.gov.au/publications/index.cfm/title/10381

Statistical information concerning suicide and self-harm

To assist people to understand statistical information concerning suicide and self-harm, Auseinet has just updated its papers on key findings based on data recently released by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.

Primarily the data collected by the Bureau of Statistics is very broad and isn’t broken down to show these trends amongst people from CALD backgrounds.
Rather it concentrates on gender, age, location and method. The data and key findings can be found on the LIFE: National Suicide Prevention Strategy website:

Teaching on the run - Teaching tips for clinicians

The popular Medical Journal of Australia series on medical teaching, "Teaching on the run" by Fiona Lake and Gerard Ryan, has recently appeared in book form. An invaluable pocket-size compendium for anyone involved in the teaching of medical students. Highly recommended. MJA Books, 2006. ISBN 09777578607, AARP 23.95

Social determinants of indigenous health

"The social determinants of indigenous health," edited by Bronwyn Carson (Allen & Unwin, 2007 ; ARRP 49.95) is a new publication which looks at the social origins of Australia's poor standard of indigenous health.Topics discussed include poverty, housing, unemployment and human rights. An important work in understanding the root causes of indigenous health problems.

Close the Gap : solutions to the indigenous health crisis facing Australia

Australia is ranked bottom of a league table of wealthy nations working to improve the health and wellbeing of Aboriginal peoples, according to a new report published today (Monday 2 April) by the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation (NACCHO) and Oxfam Australia.

Caresearch -- Palliative care resources

The Australian Government has funded the Caresearch website that makes it as easy as possible to access information about palliative care. This website will become the Australian Palliative Care Knowledge Network in 2008. On 26 March Caresearch launched new resources for 1) patients, carers, families and friends, and 2) for GPs, with sections on quick clinical guidance, frequently asked questions, and palliative care in practice. There is also a section on current research evidence through Pubmed.
See: http://www.caresearch.com.au/

Australasian Contact Tracing Manual.

The third edition of this handbook for health care providers managing people with HIV, viral hepatitis, other STIs and HIV-related tuberculosis has been recently published. Available free from ASHM on 02 8204 0700 or email resources@ashm.org.au

National Indigenous Dementia Workshop

A two day National Indigenous Dementia Workshop was held in November 2006 with over thirty participants to discuss whether the issue of dementia is a sufficient priority for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people to take action and to determine what that action might be.
National Indigenous Forum on Dementia - full report


Where there's smoke - cannabis and mental health

The "Where there's smoke - cannabis and mental health" report (Mental Health Council of Australia)provides extensive analysis of the growing body of evidence and research in this area. The report not only provides a balanced and informed view on the relationship between cannabis and mental health, but also includes recommendations on how to improve prevention, intervention and treatment responses.



Australia's Rural & Remote health : a social justice perspective by Janie Dade Smith, 2nd ed, 2007

Launched at the 9th National Rural Health Conference, this second edition of Australia's Rural and Remote Health: A social justice perspective offers 80 new pages of deeper and broader insights into Indigenous health, chronic disease and population health to make it essential reading for those planning to work in rural, remote and Indigenous Australia. In plain English, this unique book explains the concepts, questions the bureaucratic systems, and explores the opportunities for change in a frank, engaging and insightful way. It paints real faces on to the rural, remote and Indigenous health landscape using innovative storytelling techniques, historical accounts and real-life experience, supported by the broad literature. Australia's Rural and Remote Health: A social justice perspective tackles the difficult issues of racism, culture, genocide, Indigenous health, human rights, cultural safety, social capital and workforce issues, and offers practical solutions for students to apply. Using a primary health care framework it then weighs these issues against the impacting statistics, politics, policies and practices, in a practical and user-friendly way. This provocative and heartfelt book will help rural health students, practitioners, policy makers and educationalists from many disciplines to find their way across the sunburnt country.
Contents: Advance rural Australia; Indigenous Australia; Cultural perspectives; Putting Indigenous policy into practice; What and where is rural and remote Australia?; Determining health; Rural people's health; Population health approaches; Remote Indigenous health; Providing services * the workforce; Rural and remote practice; A rural future.

ISBN 978 0 86458 812 8 2nd edn 286 pp 242 AARP $49.50

Mental Health Resources by Topic

This page is being developed by the Research Librarian for Mental Health at the University of Adelaide, Maureen Bell. Its purpose is to provide some links to quality mental health sites on the World Wide Web, and to save you time in locating useful material.


Hanne Hoelaas
Information Services Officer
Centre for Rural and Remote Mental Health
c/- Bloomfield Hospital
Forrest Road

Ph: (02) 6360 7895
Fax: (02) 6361 2457

E-mail: hanne.hoelaas@gwahs.health.nsw.gov.au
Web: http://www.crrmh.com.au/

Primary Health Care Research and Information Service

Web Page to Watch:

Primary health Care Research and Information Service
Generating, managing and sharing information about Australian primary health care

PHC RIS works in partnership with the Divisions of General Practice Network, primary health care researchers and policy advisors to generate, manage and share information and knowledge that contributes to policy and improves performance.


Hanne Hoelaas
Information Services Officer
Centre for Rural and Remote Mental Health
c/- Bloomfield Hospital
Forrest Road

Ph: (02) 6360 7895
Fax: (02) 6361 2457

E-mail: hanne.hoelaas@gwahs.health.nsw.gov.au
Web: http://www.crrmh.com.au/

Latest report in the locational disadvantage project

DROPPING OFF THE EDGE: the distribution of disadvantage in Australia
by Professor Tony Vinson in conjunction with Catholic Social Services Australia
ARRP $20



Hanne Hoelaas
Information Services Officer
Centre for Rural and Remote Mental Health
c/- Bloomfield Hospital
Forrest Road

Ph: (02) 6360 7895
Fax: (02) 6361 2457

E-mail: hanne.hoelaas@gwahs.health.nsw.gov.au
Web: http://www.crrmh.com.au

Textbook : Download of Psychiatry

The University of Tasmania and the Australia & NZ Association of Psychiatrists has a psychiatry textbook, Download of Psychiatry, at http://www.anzapt.org/content/view/645/348/

It looks a really useful resource for libraries with undergraduate or postgraduate students interested in psychiatry
Index -Detailed
Chapter 1 Introduction to Psychiatry
Chapter 2: Hardware
Chapter 3: Classification of Mental Disorders
Chapter 4: Delusions and Delusional Disorder
Chapter 5: Hallucinations
Chapter 6: Form of thought
Chapter 7: Schizophrenia
Chapter 8: Sadness and Depression
Chapter 9: Mood Elevation Disorders
Chapter 10: Personality and Personality Disorder
Chapter 11: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Chapter 12: Substance use Disorders
Chapter 13: Obsessive-compulsive Disorder
Chapter 14: Eating Disorders
Chapter 15: Antipsychotic drugs
Chapter 16: Antidepressant Drugs
Chapter 17: Anti-anxiety drugs
Chapter 18: Mood stabilizers
Chapter 19: Fear and Anxiety
Chapter 20: Senscence and Dementia
Chapter 21: Delirium
Chapter 22: Somatization
Chapter 23: Factitious disorder and malingering
Chapter 24: Child Psychiatry
Chapter 25: Forensic Psychiatry
Chapter 26: Higher Cortical Functions
Chapter 27: Frontal lobes - beside tests
Chapter 28: Electroconvulsive therapy
Chapter 29: Transcranial magnetic stimulation
Chapter 30: Tests: Psychiatric, Neurological, Psychological
Chapter 31: Suicide

Hope Awards : short films on mental health topics

The Hope Awards short film competition challenged entrants to create short films that contain a message of hope for those people with mental illness. A DVD has been compiled of the 8 finalists in the competition. It is available free of charge for educational purposes.
See the Hope Awards website http://www.mindbodylife.com.au/Partnerships/HopeAwards.cfm# or call Neil Wildman or Rachel Harris on (02) 9325 4444 for copies.

New edition : Mental health in Australia

The popular Australian mental health text : Mental health in Australia : Collaborative community practice, by Graham Meadows et al. has recently appeared in a second edition (Oxford University Press 2007. ISBN 0195550773) ARRP : $110

Aboriginal healthworker resource

Bill Genat, Aboriginal healthworkers : primary health care at the margins, University of Western Australia Press, 2006.

The role of the aboriginal healthworker receives scant attention in the literature. This new work, co-written by practising healthworkers, is an excellent exploration of their role, and their problems, frustrations, and successes. Highly Recommended.

Don Keast, Research Librarian, Far West Health Library, Broken Hill