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Thursday, 21 July 2016

Patient experiences in Australian hospitals

Patient experiences in Australian hospitals examined factors relating to positive and negative experiences of patients in Australian hospitals. It drew on qualitative studies of patient reported experiences and found that small changes to health system operations and resourcing, and the way professionals engage with patients, could substantially improve care. Examples include inviting patients and carers to contribute to decision making and discussions about treatment options and care preferences.

Download Patient experiences in Australian hospitals

The White Book on Frailty

The White Book on Frailty, endorsed by the International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics Global Aging Research Network, aims to promote preventive interventions against disability and to provide information on how to adequately implement frailty into everyday clinical practice. To this effect, it will highlight current knowledge on the identification of target population, the assessment of frail old adults, and the development of tailored intervention programs.

The White Book presents a general overview of the topic and details the main frailty pathologies. Assessment tools and implementation initiatives are presented, in view of preventing and/or delaying disability and dependence, at home, in the community and in hospital settings.

Capacity building in Indigenous chronic disease primary health care research in rural Australia

The Centre of Excellence for Indigenous Primary Care Intervention Research in Chronic Disease proposed a range of strategies to build capacity in rural primary health care chronic disease research in Indigenous communities/health services.

The reports include a set of freely-available training resources for research capacity building in Indigenous communities.

Capacity building in Indigenous chronic disease primary health care research in rural Australia: Project Page

Wednesday, 13 July 2016

Skin cancer in Australia (AIHW)

Skin cancer (melanoma and non-melanoma skin cancers) accounts for the largest number of cancers diagnosed in Australia each year.

This report provides an overview of skin cancer in Australia, risk factors, and key summary measures, including incidence, hospitalisations, survival and mortality.

It shows that while the age-standardised incidence rate has risen for most age groups, for Australians aged less than 40, the incidence rate for both types of skin cancers are declining. This is likely due to sun protection awareness programs run at the school level.

Media release: Skin cancers common, but melanoma rates falling among younger people

Download report: Skin cancer in Australia

Tuesday, 5 July 2016

The Regional Wellbeing Survey 2015

The Regional Wellbeing Survey was launched in 2013 to examine the wellbeing of people living in rural and regional areas of Australia. The survey is conducted annually, and measures the subjective wellbeing of people and communities living outside Australia's major cities. It also examines resilience of rural and regional residents and the liveability of their communities, and looks at how rural and regional Australians are experiencing a wide range of changes occurring in their communities.

This report examines the results of the 2015 Regional Wellbeing Survey, focusing on wellbeing, liveability, and resilience. Further reports will be released from the 2015 survey, including reports focusing on experiences of drought, the wellbeing of farmers, natural resource management, and water reform. The Regional Wellbeing Survey team is also partnering with other groups conducting large scale surveys, to ensure we can broaden the information available on wellbeing of different people and communities.

Acute Stroke Clinical Care Standard

Stroke is the second leading cause of death and disability, and affects thousands of Australians each year. About 35,000 people each year are admitted to hospital with a stroke, equating to one stroke every 15 minutes. Over 375,000 Australians have had a stroke at some time in their lives, with a third sustaining a disability because of their stroke.

The Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care has developed Acute Stroke - the Case for Improvement to support the implementation of the Acute Stroke Clinical Care Standard. Designed for a wide audience, including clinicians and health services, the resource highlights what is known about the evidence, best practice and current practice, and the opportunities to bring these closer together.

Acute stroke clinical care standard

Acute stroke : the case for improvement

Media Release

Private Hospitals

4390.0 - Private Hospitals, Australia, 2014-15 from the Australian Bureau of Statistics presents statistics about the characteristics and activities of the private hospital component of the Australian hospital sector, collected through the ABS' annual Private Health Establishments Collection (PHEC). This sector consists of private acute and psychiatric hospitals, and free-standing day hospital facilities.

Australian National Diabetes Strategy 2016 - 2020

The Australian National Diabetes Strategy aims to outline Australia's national response to diabetes and inform how existing limited health care resources can be better coordinated and targeted across all levels of government. This Strategy identifies the most effective and appropriate interventions to reduce the impact of diabetes in the community and lead the way internationally in diabetes prevention, management and research.

Review of illicit drug use among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people

The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the use of illicit drugs among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in Australia. It provides general information on the context of illicit drug use in Australia and the factors of particular relevance to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, including the historical context, social context, and other social factors.

Friday, 1 July 2016

Chronic disease portal provides quick access for workforce

Edith Cowan University's Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet has launched a new online portal for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander chronic disease workforce.

The portal provides access to health promotion resources, health practitioner tools and information about programs that promote healthy lifestyles and chronic disease management for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. It also highlights workforce opportunities for chronic disease workers, including job vacancies, events, training and funding.

Thursday, 30 June 2016

mHealth Technologies for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management

mHealth is an abbreviation for mobile health, a term used for the practice of medicine and public health supported by mobile devices. This review examines the evidence regarding the benefits, uptake and operationalisation of mHealth technologies (including short messaging services (SMS), mobile apps and wearable devices) for chronic disease management and prevention.

The review found mHealth interventions can promote significant improvements in glycaemic control (for diabetes patients), as well as in physical activity, weight loss and smoking cessation, with the strongest evidence for SMS. Benefits appeared to be mediated by the characteristics of both the intervention and the patient population. Integrating mHealth technologies into healthcare as part of a service rather than a standalone system was as an important marker of success.

mHealth Technologies for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management;, 2015. L Laranjo, A Lau, B Oldenburg, E Gabarron, A O'Neill et al. Sax Institute.

Tuesday, 28 June 2016

Dementia in My Family - website

Alzheimer's Australia has launched a new website specifically for young people dealing with Dementia in a family member.

Dementia in My Family provides age-specific information for children in several age-groups from pre-schoolers (with an animated story) to late teens (who are provided with more complex information and links to counselling services). It also has a page for adults on how to talk to children about Dementia. There are also some very useful links to websites, online books, fact sheets and contacts.

Preventive care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: Final report

Preventive care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: Final report from the Menzies School of Health Research provides up-to date and comprehensive data on the quality of preventive care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people from 137 primary health centres across Australia.

Incorporating perspectives from a wide range of stakeholders on priority evidence-practice gaps and barriers, enablers and strategies for achieving improvement it should be useful for stimulating discussion and action.

The Final Report

Accompanying Data Supplement

Key Messages

Thursday, 23 June 2016

Health Promotion Journal of Australia Virtual Issue - Looking Back, Looking Forward - 30 years of the Ottawa Charter

In 1986, a new document began to be circulated through health professional networks, and in particular health education circles. It came to be called the 'Ottawa Charter', because its guiding principles were the result of an international conference held in Ottawa, Canada.

The succinct articulation of the themes around healthy public policy, healthy environments and reorienting health systems towards prevention helped re-frame the classic health education approach to embrace a broader health promotion approach including the social determinants of health.

This virtual issue of the Health Promotion journal revisits many of the classic articles produced during the 30 years of the Ottawa Charter.


What is a health promotion campaign? (1991)

Advocacy for health: revisiting the role of health promotion (2012)

Framework and tools for planning and evaluating community participation, collaborative partnerships and equity in health promotion (2008)

Using evidence in health promotion in local government: contextual realities and opportunities (2013)

The role of Health Impact Assessment in promoting population health and health equity (2009)

The case of national health promotion policy in Australia: where to now? (2016)

Global trade and health promotion (2007)

The role of health promotion: between global thinking and local action (2006)

Reflections on the framing of 'health equity' in the National Primary Health Care Strategic Framework: a cause for celebration or concern? (2014)

Forming, managing and sustaining alliances for health promotion (2005)

Urban design and health: progress to date and future challenges (2014)

An Indigenous model of health promotion (2004)

Friday, 17 June 2016

Reducing discharge against medical advice in Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander patients

An issues brief from the Deeble Institute (AHHA) looks at the role of Aboriginal Health Workers and Liaison Officers in trying to reduce instances of self-discharge, particularly in rural and remote communities.

An evidence-based approach to reducing discharge against medical advice amongst Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients by Caitlin Shaw, makes a number of recommendations, including:

* Improving cultural competency training and cultural safety frameworks in hospitals

* Developing a nationally recognised scope of practice for Aboriginal Health Workers (AHWs) and Aboriginal Liaison Officers (ALOs)

* Developing more flexible community-based care models to provide culturally appropriate care for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander patients.