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Friday, 23 September 2016

Hip Fracture Care Standard

The Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care in collaboration with the Health Quality & Safety Commission New Zealand has released the Hip Fracture Care Clinical Care Standard<>. In Australia, an estimated 19,000 people over the age of 50 are hospitalised with a hip fracture each year, often after falls.

The Hip Fracture Care Clinical Care Standard<> aims to ensure that a patient with a hip fracture receives optimal treatment from presentation to hospital through to the completion of treatment in hospital.
Fact sheets and other resources are also available.

Healthy Communities: Hospitalisations for mental health conditions and intentional self-harm in 2013-14 (AIHW) Healthy Communities: Hospitalisations for mental health conditions and intentional self-harm in 2013-14 presents local-level information on population rates of hospitalisations for mental health conditions and intentional self-harm in 2013-14. This information is summarised in profiles for each of Australia's 31 Primary Health Network areas at the end of the report.

Media release: Australians living in regional areas more likely to be hospitalised for a mental health condition<>

Download report: Healthy Communities: Hospitalisations for mental health conditions and intentional self-harm in 2013-14<>

Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2011 (AIHW)

The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare has released the latest 3 reports from the Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011:

Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2011

* This report provides estimates of the non-fatal and fatal burden of disease for the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population; as well as estimates of the gap in disease burden between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians.
* The disease groups causing the most burden among Indigenous Australians in 2011 were mental and substance use disorders, injuries, cardiovascular diseases, cancer and respiratory diseases.
* Indigenous Australians experienced a burden of disease that was 2.3 times the rate of non-Indigenous Australians.
* Over one third of the overall disease burden experienced by Indigenous Australians could be prevented by removing exposure to risk factors such as tobacco and alcohol use, high body mass, physical inactivity and high blood pressure.
* This report is accompanied by a media release and a summary report.
Download the report: Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people 2011.

Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011: methods and supplementary material

* This document provides a detailed description of the methods used to derive the fatal and non-fatal burden of disease (using the disability-adjusted life years, years lived with disability and years of life lost measures) for the Australian and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander populations for 2011 and 2003, as well as estimates of how much of the burden can be attributed to various risk factors.
* The report is targeted at researchers and epidemiologists, and those seeking to further understand results provided in the Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011.

Download the report: Australian Burden of Disease Study 2011: methods and supplementary material

Thursday, 22 September 2016

Guidelines for Multimorbidity

A third of all Australians have multimorbidity (co-occurrence of 2+ chronic conditions), and a substantial proportion have complex multimorbidity (3+ body systems each affected by at least one chronic condition. However, most care guidelines have been developed for single conditions.

The UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has released a guideline covering care for people with multimorbidity (multiple long-term conditions.

Designed to optimise care by reducing treatment burden (polypharmacy and multiple appointments) and unplanned care, the aim of this guideline is to improve quality of life by promoting shared decisions based on what is important to each person in terms of treatments, health priorities, lifestyle and goals. The guideline sets out which people are most likely to benefit from an approach to care that takes account of multimorbidity, how they can be identified and what the care involves.

Access the full guideline on multimorbidity.

Wednesday, 21 September 2016

Latest Research from the Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing

Vol. 34, No. 1 2016 of the Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing is now available free online :

Feature articles include

* Nurse empathy and the care of people with dementia
* Access to healthcare services for people living with HIV experiencing homelessness.
* Stoma and shame: engaging affect in the adaptation to a medical device.
* Flooded with evidence: using a 'spillway' model to improve research implementation in nursing practice.
* A mental health nursing transition program for enrolled nurses at a forensic mental health hospital.

Tuesday, 13 September 2016

Australia's health 2016 is now available!

This 15th edition of Australia's Health (2016), profiles current health issues in a collection of feature articles and statistical snapshots that cover a range of areas, including:

* The health status of Australians
* Health expenditure
* The major causes of ill health
* Determinants of health
* Health through the life course
* Health of Indigenous Australians
* Preventing and treating ill health
* Health system performance

The main publication is accompanied by a summary report, Australia's health 2016-in brief.

Click on the links (below) to view the report and media release.

Media release: 85 out of 100 Australians say they're healthy-but are we really?

Report: Australia's health 2016.

Summary report: Australia's health 2016-in brief.

Thursday, 8 September 2016

Emergency psychiatry: a product of circumstance or a growing sub-speciality field?

This article reviews recent trends in the provision of psychiatric services to the emergency departments of tertiary hospitals in Australia, involving the establishment of specialised in-reach or liaison services as well as various forms of short stay unit attached to emergency departments.

 The Emergency Psychiatry Service at Flinders Medical Centre, South Australia, is described as a case example. Its specialised models of assessment and clinical care are described, highlighting how these are differentiated from more traditional models in inpatient, community and general hospital consultation–liaison psychiatry.

See more at:

Disability Knowledge Clearing House

The Centre for Applied Disability Research (CADR) Disability Knowledge Clearing House exists to help us understand what works, for whom, under what circumstances, at what cost. Here you will find a repository of links to a wide range of disability research and evaluation resources. CADR is constantly adding material to this site with the aim of building the most comprehensive collection of disability research and resources for the Australian context.

Aspects of disability covered include community & civic participation, education, economic participation, housing & built environment, health & wellbeing, safety & security, social relationships and transport.

The Australian Guide to the Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Funded by the Commonwealth Department of Health, The Australian Guide to the Diagnosis of FASD was produced by researchers Professor Elizabeth Elliott from the University of Sydney and Professor Carol Bower from Telethon Kids Institute Perth with input from colleagues nationally.

The Australian Guide to the diagnosis of FASD.

About the guide, forms, resources and information sheets.

Wednesday, 7 September 2016

Mapping the Indigenous Program and Funding Maze

There is a lot of goodwill in Australia to improve indigenous outcomes, however, too many programs are implemented because of their perceived benefit, rather than a rigorous assessment of what works.

This research report maps the number of government and non-government Indigenous programs and potential level of duplication among different program providers (federal, state/territory and non-government). The report also estimates how much funding is allocated for Indigenous specific programs, across the non-government sector as well as by federal and state/territory governments.

Hudson, Sara(2016. Mapping the Indigenous Program and Funding Maze Centre for Independent Studies. CIS research report; 18.

Friday, 26 August 2016

Older Australia at a glance (AIHW)

Older Australia at a glance

* Older Australians are generally living healthier and longer than previous generations.

* Older Australia at a glance is a series of web-based snapshots providing insight into who they are, where they are living, how they are changing, how healthy they are and the services they are using.

* Each snapshot provides succinct information supported by figures and tables, with new snapshots to be released annually.

* The series will paint a picture reflecting the complexity and diversity of the older Australian population.

View web page: Older Australia at a glance.

Wednesday, 24 August 2016

Medical practitioner workforce 2015 (AIHW)

Medical practitioner workforce 2015 examines trends in demographic and employment characteristics of medical practitioners who were registered in Australia in the ten years up to 2015.

* The total number of registered medical practitioners increased from 67,890 in 2005 to 97,466 in 2015.

* The majority of these (83,871) were practitioners employed as clinicians.

* This report shows the supply of general practitioners (GPs) changed little between 2005 and 2015, ranging from 109 per 100,000 people in 2008 to 114 in 2015.

* There has also been no increase in the supply of hospital non-specialists over the past 5 years.

* In contrast, the supply of non-GP specialists increased from 121 to 143 per 100,000 people between 2005 and 2015 and the supply of specialists-in-training increased from 43.4 to 74.8 per 100,000 people.

* This suggests that while the supply of GPs and non-specialists is keeping pace with population growth, the number of medical practitioners working in, or training to take on, roles in other specialties is growing faster.

Media release: Doctor workforce increasingly specialised-and more female clinician specialists and GPs

View web page: Medical practitioner workforce 2015.

Friday, 19 August 2016

Diabetes Standards and Guidelines

The UK's National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has published new (or updated) guidelines and quality standards. The latest updates are:

* NICE Guideline NG17 Type 1 diabetes in adults: diagnosis and management.

* NICE Guideline NG28 Type 2 diabetes in adults: management.

* NICE Quality Standard QS125 Diabetes in children and young people

Aussie Men Say #ItsOkayToTalk, Changing The Conversation Around Suicide

Thousands of Aussie men are getting on board a social media campaign raising awareness for suicide prevention and changing the conversation around mental health.

The #ItsOkayToTalk campaign began with a UK rugby player, Luke Ambler, deciding to take the conversation (or lack of conversation) around mental health into his own hands after his brother-in-law Andy Roberts took his own life very suddenly.

Read more at:

Wednesday, 17 August 2016

Progress in world’s first Alzheimer’s vaccine

With more than 7.5 million new cases of Alzheimer’s disease a year, the race to find a vaccine and effective treatment for dementia is growing by the day. Researchers in the US and Australia have make a breakthrough discovery in the international quest to discover a new and potentially effective vaccine targeting the pathological proteins associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia in the elderly.

In research findings just released in Nature’s Scientific Reports journal, Flinders University experts as part of a high-level US research team at the Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM) and University of California, Irvine (UCI) have made a successful vaccine formulation that targets the abnormal beta-amyloid and tau proteins that signal Alzheimer’s disease.

Read more at: