Monday, 11 December 2017
The tool askes a series of questions to ask about the specific study the user is concerned about, and explains what the answers to those questions mean in terms of the quality of the research. Funded by the Medical Research Council in the UK, the site also has some very useful links to sources of pre-appraised research, other critical appraisal tools and handy scientific information like common sources of bias, correlation versus causation and sampling methods.
Download report: Maternal deaths in Australia 2012-2014.
Media release: National report presents information on private health insurance use in public and private hospitals.
Download report: Private health insurance use in Australian hospitals, 2006-07 to 2015-16<Download report: Private health insurance use in Australian hospitals, 2006-07 to 2015-16.
This report shows that: health-adjusted life expectancy increased comparably to life expectancy; and that people in Remote and very remote areas and people in the lowest socioeconomic group expected both shorter lives and fewer years in full health compared with their counterparts in Major cities and the highest socioeconomic group.
Download report: Health-adjusted life expectancy in Australia: expected years lived in full health 2011.
Tuesday, 5 December 2017
Staffing, Oral health, Rural and Remote, ATSI, Palliative Care, LGBTI and GP services are among those released, with further leaflets on Older Peoples Mental Health and Dementia at the consumer testing stage.
You can find the available leaflets – and the list of supporting organisations at the following link: www.10questions.org.au
'The world's health systems aren't ready for older populations', says Dr John Beard, Director of the Department of Ageing and Life course at WHO.
WHO Guidelines on Integrated Care for Older People (ICOPE)
WHO Media Release.
Monday, 4 December 2017
* The study observed increases in life expectancy during the study period for both Indigenous males and females across most jurisdictions.
* Life expectancy however increased faster among non-Indigenous than among Indigenous males and females.
* As a result, there was little change in the life expectancy gap.
Download report: Trends in Indigenous mortality and life expectancy 2001-2015.
Download web: Access to health services by Australians with disability.
Between 2009 and 2014, death rates fell by 20% for people with type 1 diabetes but rose by 10% for those with type 2 diabetes.
Deaths among people with diabetes in Australia, 2009–2014.
This report provides information on people who present at emergency departments in Australia, including who used services, why they used them, and how long they had to wait for care.
•there were about 7.8 million presentations to Australian public hospital emergency departments, an average of more than 21,000 per day
•patients aged 4 and under (who make up less than 7% of the population) accounted for about 11% of all emergency department presentations
•patients aged 65 and over (who make up about 15% of the population) accounted for more than 21% of emergency department presentations
•about one-quarter (or almost 2 million) of emergency department presentations had a principal diagnosis in the ICD-10-AM chapter Injury, poisoning and certain other consequences of external causes
•the two most common individual principal diagnoses reported were Abdominal and pelvic pain (4.3%), and Pain in the throat and chest (3.6%)
•about 73% of all presentations were 'seen on time' (within the clinically recommended time for their triage category), with almost 100% of Resuscitation patients (needs care immediately), 77% of Emergency (needs care within 10 minutes) patients, and 92% of Non-urgent (needs care within 120 minutes) 'seen on time'
•the proportion of presentations that were 'seen on time' ranged from 61% in the Northern Territory to 81% in New South Wales
•about 72% of emergency department presentations were completed in 4 hours or less, varying from 64% in South Australia and the Northern Territory to 75% in New South Wales
•about 31% of patients were admitted to hospital after their emergency department care; 49% were admitted in 4 hours or less, and 90% within 10 hours and 44 minutes.
Between 2012–13 and 2016–17:
•presentations to emergency departments increased by 3.7% on average each year. After adjusting for coverage changes, presentations increased by an estimated 2.6% on average each year
•the proportion of presentations that were 'seen on time' (within the clinically recommended time) was fairly stable across the period, ranging from 73% (in 2012–13 and 2016–17) to 75% (in 2013–14)
•the proportion of emergency department presentations completed in 4 hours or less rose from 67% in 2012–13 to 73% in 2015–16, and decreased to 72% in 2016–17.
Emergency department care 2016–17: Australian hospital statistics.
Friday, 24 November 2017
Adults in 2014-15 were significantly more likely to be obese than adults of the same age 20 years earlier at almost any given age. At age 18-21, 15.2% of those born in 1994-1997 were obese, almost double the proportion of those born in 1974-1977 at the same age (8.0%). Children and adolescents in 2014-15 were also significantly more likely to be overweight or obese at ages 10-13 and 14-17 than those of the same age 20 years earlier.
A picture of overweight and obesity in Australia
This report provides an overview of overweight and obesity in Australia-a major public health issue that has significant health and financial costs. Almost one-quarter of children and two-thirds of adults are overweight or obese, and rates continue to rise, largely due to a rise in obesity, which cost the economy $8.6 billion in 2011-12.
Media release: Gen, X, Y and Z: Obesity risk higher for younger generations.
Infographic/Stats mat: An interactive insight into overweight and obesity in Australia.
Thursday, 23 November 2017
Download report: Work-related hospitalised injuries, Australia 2006-07 to 2013-14.
Download report: Hospital care for Australian sports injury 2012-13.
Major findings include:
* Physical inactivity is responsible for 10–20% of burden for related diseases
* 2.6% of the total disease burden in 2011 was due to physical inactivity
* 1.7 times higher rate of physical inactivity burden in the lowest socioeconomic group compared with the highest
* When physical inactivity is combined with overweight and obesity the burden increases to 9%; equal to tobacco smoking
Download report: Impact of physical inactivity as a risk factor for chronic conditions.
Monday, 20 November 2017
Spatial variation in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women's access to 4 types of maternal health services
Access to services
The study examined the geographic access of Indigenous women of child-bearing age (15–44) to 4 types of on-the-ground maternal health services: hospitals with a public birthing unit; Indigenous-specific primary health-care services (ISPHCSs); Royal Flying Doctor Service clinics; and general practitioners (GPs). Using 1 hour drive time boundaries around these locations and population counts from the 2011 Census at a range of geographic levels (SA2, remoteness, jurisdiction), the study found:
* approximately one-fifth (25,600 or 21%) of Indigenous women of child-bearing age lived outside a 1 hour drive time from the nearest hospital with a public birthing unit
* nearly all (97%) Indigenous women of child-bearing age had access to at least 1 type of maternal health service within a 1 hour drive time. The lowest levels of access were for women in Very remote and Remote areas, where 84% and 93%, respectively, had access to at least 1 type of service.
* Indigenous women of child-bearing age in Major cities, Inner regional and Outer regional areas had more types of services available to them within a 1 hour drive time than did women in more remote areas. Thus, they had more choice in which service they use.
Association with area-level maternal risk factor and birth outcomes
Examining possible associations between geographic accessibility to services, maternal risk factors and birth outcomes at the Indigenous Region level, the study found that poorer access to:
* GPs was associated with higher rates of pre-term birth and low birthweight
* ISPHCSs with maternal/antenatal services was associated with higher rates of smoking and low birthweight
* hospitals with public birthing units was associated with higher rates of smoking, pre-term birth and low birthweight
* at least 1 service was associated with higher smoking rates and higher rates of pre-term delivery and low birthweight.
Download report: Spatial variation in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women's access to 4 types of maternal health services