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Friday, 13 January 2017

Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in Australian public hospitals 2015-16 (AIHW)

Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in Australian public hospitals 2015-16: Australian hospital statistics

* In 2015-16, 1,440 cases of hospital-associated Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (SAB) were reported in Australian public hospitals

* The national rate of SAB in public hospitals was 0.73 cases per 10,000 days of patient care, and all states and territories had rates below the national benchmark of 2.0 cases per 10,000 days of patient care

* Between 2011-12 and 2015-16, rates of SAB decreased from 0.96 cases to 0.73 cases per 10,000 days of patient care

Download report: Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in Australian public hospitals 2015-16: Australian hospital statistics

Monday, 9 January 2017

National Cultural Respect Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health 2016–2026

The National Cultural Respect Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health 2016–2026 (the Framework) was launched by the Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council on 28 October 2016. This 10 year framework seeks to guide delivery of culturally safe, responsive, and quality health care to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and communities.

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people generally experience poorer health outcomes than the rest of the Australian population, and while the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people has improved in a number of areas in recent years, ongoing effort is required to achieve sustainable improvements in health outcomes. A fundamental step towards improving health outcomes is to address the many barriers Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people experience in accessing and receiving appropriate and professional health care. The Framework provides the foundation and guides a nationally consistent approach for building culturally responsive health care design and delivery for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and contributes to achieving the Closing the Gap targets agreed by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG).

The Framework is a renewal of the Cultural Respect Framework for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health 2004–2009 and was developed for the Australian Health Ministers' Advisory Council by the National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Standing Committee.

Cultural Respect Framework 2016-2026 for Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Health

National Framework for Health Services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children and Families

The National Framework for Health Services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children and Families will help Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children to get a better start in life. It provides a guide for culturally appropriate maternal health care, pregnancy care and early childhood – setting children and families up for better health throughout their lives.

This work was developed in collaboration with community leaders and a cultural advisory group. We also have consulted widely with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities across the country, listening to what they need, so we can deliver the services that they require in the way that best suits different communities," said Assistant Minister Wyatt.

The Framework will be embedded at the Commonwealth level in Funding Agreements, raising awareness through Aboriginal Health Partnership forums and including the principles in our policy design and program implementation. For example, the Department of Education and Training has agreed to incorporate the Framework into the implementation of Connected Beginnings, building the same principles and shared vision for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children's health across disciplines and jurisdictions.

The National Framework for Health Services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children and Families >

Launch Press Release

Wednesday, 14 December 2016

Family violence prevention programs in Indigenous communities

The following report describes the latest levels of family violence in Indigenous communities. It has shown that family violence continues to be under-reported. The complexity of different issues made it hard to evaluate. The report discusses which strategies have been succesful. There is also a good bibliography on the topic.

Family violence prevention programs in Indigenous communities

Monday, 12 December 2016

Launch of the #JustJustice book alongside calls to action

Professor Tom Calma at the #JustJustice launch
The #JustJustice book was launched in Sydney recently and politicians and policy makers were urged to 'read and absorb' its advice for stopping the over-incarceration of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.The book compiles more than 90 articles from more than 70 contributors published over the past 18 months at Croakey, since more than 300 donors contributed to the crowdfunding campaign that concluded in mid-2015.

About the #JustJustice Book with further links

Download available from this page

Tuesday, 6 December 2016

Aboriginal workforce strategic framework: taking the next STEP UP in growing a strong and culturally supported Aboriginal workforce 2016-2020

The NSW Health Good Health – Great Jobs: Aboriginal Workforce Strategic Framework 2016 – 2020 (the Framework) is intended to support Local Health Districts, Specialty Health Networks and other NSW Health organisations to grow and to develop their Aboriginal workforce. Building on the previous Framework (2011-2015), it sets out the Aboriginal workforce development priorities and desired outcomes for NSW Health for the period 2016 - 2020 and the key actions that need to be taken to achieve these priorities and outcomes.

The Framework is structured around six key priorities areas:

1. Lead and Plan Aboriginal Workforce Development
2. Build Cultural Understanding and Respect
3. Attract, Recruit and Retain Aboriginal staff
4. Develop the capabilities of Aboriginal staff
5. Work with others to achieve workforce priorities
6. Track our achievements and improve results.

Monday, 5 December 2016

Food security and health in rural and remote Australia

Food security and health in rural and remote Australia by Fiona Brooke of the National Rural Health Alliance describes and analyses the prevalence of food insecurity in Australia and the consequent adverse implications for the health and productivity of individuals and communities. It proposes options aimed at improving the health and wellbeing of Australians who experience food insecurity. It notes the role of the agricultural sector in addressing Australian food security. It also highlights the prevalence of food insecurity in remote Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities.

Physical health and mental wellbeing: evidence guide (Mental Health Commission of NSW 2016)

Improving the physical health of mental health consumers is becoming a priority area for clinicians and policymakers, yet the practical steps needed to achieve this are less clear. This guide aims to provide a summary of the evidence regarding what measures need to be taken to improve the physical health of people living with mental illness. It discusses the evidence for comprehensive lifestyle interventions to help improve the physical health of consumers living with severe mental illness. It provides evidence from proven strategies to improve access to physical health services, as well as health promotion, prevention and early intervention for people with coexisting mental and physical health issues.

Physical health and mental wellbeing: evidence guide

Women's health survey 2016

Women's health survey 2016: understanding health information needs and health behaviours of women in Australia by Jean Hailes For Women's Health, was a national survey of 3236 women and health professionals of differing ages, cultural backgrounds and from a range of metropolitan, regional, rural and remote areas across Australia.

Women reported five main health concerns.These health concerns included weight management, female-specific cancers, mental and emotional health, menopause and chronic pain. Women that responded to the survey appear to be in good health and are mostly invested in doing the right thing for their health. Over half of all women reported that they are most likely to compare their body to family and friends as opposed to comparing their bodies to models, athletes, media figures and actors. On average women visited the doctor 3-5 times per year, with only a small number of women not visiting the doctor at all in the last 12 months.

Wednesday, 30 November 2016

Mental Health in rural Australia

This fact sheet by the National Rural Health Alliance reveals that the reported prevalence of mental illness in rural and remote Australia appears similar to that of major cities. Access to mental health services is substantially more limited than in major cities, and country people are less likely to seek help. Tragically, rates of self-harm and suicide increase with remoteness.

http://ruralhealth.org.au/sites/default/files/publications/fact-sheet-mental-health-2016.pdf

Insights in Recovery: A consumer-informed guide for health practitioners working with people with eating disorders

Insights in Recovery: A consumer-informed guide for health practitioners working with people with eating disorders was developed by the Butterfly Foundation with funding from the Mental Health Commission of NSW. The resource provides guidance for health professionals of all kinds on how to adopt a person-centred, recovery-orientated approach to working with people with anorexia, bulimia and other eating disorders. It was developed by researchers based on feedback they gathered from people with lived experience of eating disorders on what helped and hindered their recovery.

The recommendations in the Guide include:

* Establish a shared understanding of recovery
* Help individuals talk about their eating disorder
* Help individuals feel safe
* Use mindful language
* Help individuals find their identity beyond the eating disorder
* Integrate choice into treatment decisions
* Encourage the use of healthy supports in everyday life
* Listen and incorporate the perspectives of those with lived experience

About the guide.

Monday, 28 November 2016

Spatial distribution of the supply of the clinical health workforce 2014: relationship to the distribution of the Indigenous population (AIHW)

Spatial distribution of the supply of the clinical health workforce 2014: relationship to the distribution of the Indigenous population uses a new measure developed by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare - the Geographically-adjusted Index of Relative Supply (GIRS) - to examine the geographic supply of the clinical health workforce in seven key professions with particular relevance to Indigenous Australians. These professions were general practitioners, nurses, midwives, pharmacists, dentists, psychologists and optometrists. Areas with lower GIRS scores are more likely to face workforce supply challenges than those with higher GIRS scores. The GIRS scores were compared with the distribution of the Indigenous population to assess the extent to which Indigenous people live in areas with lower relative levels of workforce supply.

Download report: Spatial distribution of the supply of the clinical health workforce 2014: relationship to the distribution of the Indigenous population

Eye Health web resource

The Australian Indigenouse HealthInfo Net has set up an Eye Health Web Resource for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.

The tools and information on this page are set up to support health professionals and students of eye health in this group. They include links to programs and projects, reviews of the literature, relevant policies, health promotion resources and information about the workforce in this field - training, conferences and job opportunities.

Thursday, 24 November 2016

Research reveals Flying Doctor role in Indigenous child health

Most people associate the Royal Flying Doctor Service (RFDS) with outback farmers, but new research released today reveals 1 in 3 RFDS aeromedical retrievals are for Indigenous Australians, 14% of these children under the age of five.

The research reveals the key reasons for RFDS aeromedical retrievals from remote Indigenous communities as being for:
> 17.9% for injury or poisoning;
> 14.4% suffering a stroke, heart attack or disease of the circulatory system;
> 12.8% having pneumonia, asthma or other disease of the respiratory system.

1 in every 5 aeromedical retrievals of Indigenous people suffering respiratory illness were under one year of age. 40% were below school age.

"This research is a first for the RFDS. It warns Indigenous children are over-represented in aeromedical retrieval data. Preventable or manageable illnesses such as pneumonia, asthma and croup are leaving kids so ill the only option is to fly them to hospital," said Martin Laverty, CEO of the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia.

The research outlines illness and injury rates requiring a sample of 17,606 to be flown from remote communities to hospitals over a three year period. It points to how illness and injury can be prevented and how health services can improve Indigenous health care.

Providing aeromedical retrieval care to remote Indigenous communities: Lara Bishop, Martin Laverty and Lauren Gale

Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: second national report 2016 (AIHW)

Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: second national report 2016 reports on the 21 Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with updated data available to report on 11 measures. For some of the measures, a better or similar rate for Indigenous Australians compared with non-Indigenous Australians was apparent, while on other measures, higher rates of ill health and death from cardiac conditions and lower rates of in-hospital treatment services among Indigenous Australians were evident. A number of measures suggested improvements for Indigenous Australians over time; examples include a decline in the death rate due to cardiac conditions and an increase in the proportion who received an MBS health assessment.

Download report: Better Cardiac Care measures for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people: second national report 2016